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cAMP-stimulated cell proliferation in brown preadipocytes is mediated by protein kinase A, but is independent of ERK1/2, PI3K and mTOR
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Molecular Biosciences, The Wenner-Gren Institute.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Molecular Biosciences, The Wenner-Gren Institute.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Molecular Biosciences, The Wenner-Gren Institute.
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The physiological agonist norepinephrine (NE) promotes cell proliferation of brown preadipocytes during the process of tissue recruitment. In a primary culture system, cAMP was shown to mediate these adrenergic effects in the presence of serum. In the present study, we have demonstrated that in con- trast to other systems where the cAMP mitogenic effect requires the syner- gistic action of growth factors, especially insulin/IGF, the cAMP effect in brown preadipocytes is independent of serum and insulin. Furthermore, we showed that the increase in total DNA resulted from forskolin stimulation of cell proliferation, in addition to the anti-apoptosis effect reported previously. Protein kinase A, rather than Epac, mediated the cAMP mitogenic effect. In a further attempt to elucidate the cell signalling pathways involved in this process, we found that both mTOR complexes and the ERK 1/2 family of MAPK, two cell proliferation hallmarks, are indeed activated by cAMP. However, mTOR inhibition with rapamycin only caused partial inhibition of cell proliferation, and Ku-0063794, another inhibitor of mTOR, showed no inhibitory effect on cAMP-stimulated cell proliferation. The involvement of ERK1/2 was tested with pharmacological inhibitors of ERK1/2. PD98059 brought about a significant inhibitory effect, whereas U0126 did not have any inhibitory effect on cAMP-stimulated cell proliferation, even though ERK1/2 phosphorylation was equally well abolished by both inhibitors. Taken together, these results suggest that in brown preadipocytes under se- rum-free conditions, PKA, rather than Epac, mediated the cAMP mitogenic effect through activation of a pathway sensitive to PD98059 but inde- pendently of PI3K, mTOR complexes and the ERK1/2 family of MAPK. 

National Category
Other Biological Topics
Research subject
Physiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-88576OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-88576DiVA: diva2:612232
Funder
Swedish Cancer Society
Available from: 2013-03-20 Created: 2013-03-20 Last updated: 2013-03-20Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. cAMP-Regulated Cell Proliferation in Brown Preadipocytes
Open this publication in new window or tab >>cAMP-Regulated Cell Proliferation in Brown Preadipocytes
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

As a prototypical second messenger, cAMP is involved in the regulation of multiple cell functions. cAMP has a well established inhibitory effect on cell proliferation in smooth muscle and epithelial cell types. However, there is accumulating evidence also for stimulatory effect on proliferation, mainly in endocrine cell types.

Mechanisms mediating the cAMP stimulatory effect are not well studied. cAMP, produced via β1-adrenoceptor activation, promotes cell proliferation in brown preadipocytes. Due to the importance of brown adipose tissue in energy metabolism and its implication in the treatment of obesity and type II diabetes, understanding the mechanisms of tissue recruitment has clinical implication for the treatment of these metabolic syndromes.

We found that the Erk1/2 family of MAPK, often involved in regulation of cell proliferation, can be activated in response to the stimulation of G protein-coupled receptors, including adrenergic receptors (α1-, α2-, β1- and β3-Adrenoceptors) and mitogenic lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) in primary cultured brown adipocytes. In contrast to the case e.g. in many immortalized cell lines and various primary cultured cells, EGF receptor transactivation is not employed in Erk1/2 activation by any G protein-coupled receptor tested in brown adipocytes. This suggests that EGF receptor transactivation is not an universal mediation process for GPCR activation of MAPK.

cAMP-activated cell proliferation in brown preadipocytes is mediated through PKA rather than Epac under serum-free conditions. This effect is independent of PI3K/Akt, mTOR or Erk1/2 MAPK pathways. Differential responses to two different MEK inhibitors PD98059 and U0126 suggested the involvement of a pathway sensitive to PD98059, but independent of the Erk1/2 family of MAPK. At the transcriptional level, by combining microarray and RT-qPCR, we have identified eight genes, under the regulation of cAMP, that may be involved in the further mediation of the cAMP effect on cell proliferation.

An understanding of cAMP-induced cell proliferation may be of importance both in metabolic and cancer research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Molecular Biosciences, Stockholm University, 2013. 78 p.
National Category
Other Biological Topics
Research subject
Physiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-88393 (URN)978-91-7447-664-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2013-04-12, Nordenskiöldsalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Svante Arrhenius väg 8, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

At the time of the doctoral defense, the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 2: Submitted. Paper 3: Manuscript. Paper 4: Manuscript.

Available from: 2013-03-21 Created: 2013-03-13 Last updated: 2013-03-22Bibliographically approved

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