Syntheses optimization, structural and thermoelectric properties of 1/1 Tsai-type quasicrystal approximants in RE-Au-SM systems (RE = Yb, Gd and SM = Si, Ge)
2013 (English)In: Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, ISSN 0953-8984, E-ISSN 1361-648X, Vol. 25, no 13, 135402- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Yb-Cd (Tsai-type) quasicrystals constitute the largest icosahedral quasicrystal family where Yb can be replaced by other rare earth elements (RE) and Cd by pairs of p- and d-block elements. YbCd6 is a prototype 1/1 Tsai-type approximant phase which has a similar local structure to the Yb-Cd quasicrystal. In this study, the syntheses of Yb15.78Au65.22Ge19.00, Gd14.34Au67.16Ge18.5 and Gd14.19Au69.87Si15.94 Tsai-type 1/1 quasicrystal approximants are optimized using the self-flux technique. The crystal structures of the compounds are refined by collecting single crystal x-ray diffraction data. The structural refinements indicated that the compounds are essentially isostructural with some differences at their cluster centers. The basic polyhedral cluster unit in all the three compounds can be described by concentric shells of icosahedra symmetry and of disordered tetrahedra and/or a rare earth atom at the cluster center. Furthermore, the thermoelectric properties of the compounds are probed and their dimensionless figures of merit are calculated at different temperatures. A significant difference is observed in their thermoelectric properties, which could arise due to the slight difference in their crystal structure and chemical composition, as we move from Ge to Si and/or Gd to Yb. Therefore, this study shows the systematic effect of the chemical substitution of structurally similar materials on their thermoelectric properties.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 25, no 13, 135402- p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-89000DOI: 10.1088/0953-8984/25/13/135402ISI: 000315992900009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-89000DiVA: diva2:615279