Transition from fracturing to viscous flow in granulite facies perthitic feldspar (Lofoten, Norway)
2013 (English)In: Journal of Structural Geology, ISSN 0191-8141, Vol. 48, 95-112 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Recrystallization of perthites in granulite fades (T = 700-730 degrees C, P = 0.65-0.8 GPa) shear zones in mangerite-charnockite rocks from Lofoten (Norway) is localized along intracrystalline bands parallel to fractures. Fracturing preferentially occurred along the cleavage planes (010) and (001). EBSD analysis of perthite porphyroclasts indicates a very low degree of internal misorientation (within 5 degrees) and the lack of recovery features. Recrystallized grains show coarsening with increasing width of the bands, and chemical changes with respect to the host grains. Crystallographic orientation of the new grains does not show a host-control relation to the parent perthite grains. In summary, the microstructure and CPO data consistently indicate intragranular redystallization by nucleation and growth from fractured grains. Perthite porphyroclasts are surrounded by a matrix of recrystallized plagioclase + K-feldspar +/- amphibole +/- biotite. There is extensive evidence of syndeformational nucleation of new phases and of phase boundary migration in the matrix, with plagioclase grains forming bulges and protrusions towards K-feldspar. The spatial distribution of K-feldspar and plagioclase in the recrystallized matrix is characterized by the predominance of phase boundaries over grain boundaries. All these observations are consistent with diffusion creep as the dominant deformation mechanism in the matrix, associated with grain boundary sliding. Accordingly, recrystallized plagioclase and K-feldspar show a very weak crystallographic preferred orientation, which is interpreted in terms of oriented growth during diffusion creep. Fracturing of perthites promoted extensive grain size reduction, recrystallization, fluid infiltration, and operation of grain-size sensitive creep, resulting in strain localization.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 48, 95-112 p.
Fracturing, Recrystallization, Perthites, Diffusion creep, Spatial distribution of phases, Electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD), Deformation of the lower crust
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-88989DOI: 10.1016/j.jsg.2012.12.004ISI: 000315843400009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-88989DiVA: diva2:615439