Magnetic twist: a source and property of space weather
2012 (English)In: Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate, ISSN 2115-7251, Vol. 2, A11- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Aim: We present evidence for finite magnetic helicity density in the heliosphere and numerical models thereof, and relate it to the magnetic field properties of the dynamo in the solar convection zone.
Methods: We use simulations and solar wind data to compute magnetic helicity either directly from the simulations or indirectly using time series of the skew-symmetric components of the magnetic correlation tensor.
Results: We find that the solar dynamo produces negative magnetic helicity at small scales and positive at large scales. However, in the heliosphere these properties are reversed and the magnetic helicity is now positive at small scales and negative at large scales. We explain this by the fact that a negative diffusive magnetic helicity flux corresponds to a positive gradient of magnetic helicity, which leads to a change of sign from negative to positive values at some radius in the northern hemisphere.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 2, A11- p.
MHD, turbulence, solar activity, coronal mass ejection (CME), solar wind
Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology
Research subject Astronomy
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-89103DOI: 10.1051/swsc/2012011ISI: 000325007800011OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-89103DiVA: diva2:615611