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Synthesis of hollow spherical tantalum oxide nanoparticles and their photocatalytic activity for hydrogen production
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Inorganic and Structural Chemistry.
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2013 (English)In: Journal of Solid State Chemistry, ISSN 0022-4596, E-ISSN 1095-726X, Vol. 199, 15-20 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Nano-particles consisting of hollow spherical tantalum oxide (referred to as HSTaO in this work) were synthesized by using the nonionic triblock copolymer F127 as the structure-directing agent in an ethanol aqueous medium. The HSTaO had a large surface area (higher than 100 m(2)/g), and relatively uniform particle size, in the range of 50-200 nm. The wall thickness of the hollow spherical particles was measured to be about 15-17 nm and contained ultrafine Ta2O5 crystallites. The band gap of HSTaO (4.3 eV) is clearly wider than that of bulk Ta2O5 (3.9 eV), which can be attributed to the quantum size of the ultrafine Ta2O5 crystallites. In addition, HSTaO with core-shell Ni/NiO particles (co-catalyst) exhibited similar photocatalytic activity as bulk Ta2O5 with co-catalyst in hydrogen generation from methanol aqueous solution under photoirradiation, with the HSTaO photocatalyst showing higher stability than the bulk.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 199, 15-20 p.
Keyword [en]
Tantalum oxide, Hollow spherical nanoparticle, Synthesis, Photocatalysis
National Category
Inorganic Chemistry
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-88978DOI: 10.1016/j.jssc.2012.11.016ISI: 000315477500003OAI: diva2:615702


Available from: 2013-04-11 Created: 2013-04-08 Last updated: 2013-04-11Bibliographically approved

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Zou, Xiaodong
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Inorganic and Structural Chemistry
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