Cognitive Sex Differences Are Not Magnified as a Function of Age, Sex Hormones, or Puberty Development During Early Adolescence
2013 (English)In: Developmental Neuropsychology, ISSN 8756-5641, E-ISSN 1532-6942, Vol. 38, no 3, 167-179 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Are cognitive sex differences magnified by individual differences in age, sex hormones, or puberty development? Cross-sectional samples of 12- to 14-year-old boys (n = 85) and girls (n = 102) completed tasks assessing episodic memory, face recognition, verbal fluency, and mental rotations. Blood estradiol, free testosterone, and self-rated puberty scores were obtained. Sex differences were found on all cognitive measures. However, the magnitude was not larger for older children, hormones and cognitive performance were not associated, and early maturers did not perform better than late maturers. Thus, cognitive sex differences were not associated with age, levels of sex hormones, or puberty development.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 38, no 3, 167-179 p.
cognitive sex differences, age, sex hormones, puberty development
Research subject Psychology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-89125DOI: 10.1080/87565641.2012.759580ISI: 000317344100003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-89125DiVA: diva2:615817
This research was supported by the Swedish Council for Research in the Humanities and Social Sciences, the Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation, and the Swedish Research Council.2013-04-122013-04-122013-05-15Bibliographically approved