Stable bromine isotopic composition of methyl bromide released from plant matter
2014 (English)In: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, ISSN 0016-7037, E-ISSN 0016-1258, Vol. 125, 186-195 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Methyl bromide (CH3Br) emitted from plants constitutes a natural source of bromine to the atmosphere, and is a component in the currently unbalanced global CH3Br budget. In the stratosphere, CH3Br contributes to ozone loss processes. Studies of stable isotope composition may reduce uncertainties in the atmospheric CH3Br budget, but require well-constrained isotope fingerprints of the source end members. Here we report the first measurements of stable bromine isotopes (delta Br-81) in CH3Br from abiotic plant emissions. Incubations of both KBr-fortified pectin, a ubiquitous cell-stabilizing macromolecule, and of a natural halophyte (Salicornia fruticosa), yielded an enrichment factor (epsilon) of -2.00 +/- 0.23 parts per thousand (1 sigma, n = 8) for pectin and -1.82 +/- 0.02 parts per thousand (1 sigma, n = 4) for Salicornia (the relative amount of the heavier Br-81 was decreased in CH3Br compared to the substrate salt). For short incubations, and up to 10% consumption of the salt substrate, this isotope effect was similar for temperatures from 30 up to 300 degrees C. For longer incubations of up to 90 h at 180 degrees C the delta Br-81 values increased from -2 parts per thousand to 0 parts per thousand for pectin and to -1 parts per thousand for Salicornia. These delta Br-81 source signatures of CH3Br formation from plant matter combine with similar data for carbon isotopes to facilitate multidimensional isotope diagnostics of the CH3Br budget.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 125, 186-195 p.
bromine, isotope, plants, atmosphere, methyl bromide
Research subject Applied Environmental Science; Environmental Chemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-89403DOI: 10.1016/j.gca.2013.10.016ISI: 000329066500012OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-89403DiVA: diva2:617739