The muscular system of Nemertoderma westbladi and Meara stichopi (Nemertodermatida, Acoelomorpha)
2013 (English)In: Zoomorphology, ISSN 0720-213X, E-ISSN 1432-234X, Vol. 132, no 3, 239-252 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Nemertodermatida is a small taxon of marine worm-like animals; its position in the tree of life is highly contested The musculature of Nemertoderma westbladi and Meara stichopi is studied here in detail using fluorescent phalloidin and confocal microscopy.
In both species the musculature is composed of an outer layer of circular and an inner layer of longitudinal musculature, diagonal muscles form a distinct layer in N westbladi but in M. stichopi these fibres connect to both other layers. The supraterminally opening male pore and antrum are formed by invagination of the whole body-wall in both species and the seminal vesicle is lined by a thin net of musculature only in full male maturity. Modifications of the ventral body-wall adjacent to the mouth are small and transient in N. westbladi including no extra musculature whereas it consists of additional strong U-shaped musculature in M. stichopi. Myogenesis in N. westbladi is not finished in hatchlings and will be completed dorsally in juvenile specimens and ventrally in male mature ones, after the loss of the mouth.
Musculature between the two species differs considerably and might give insights into the internal relationships of Nemertodermatida and might prove to be useful in studies investigating their phylogenetic position. More data of other species and developmental changes are needed.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York/Heidelberg: Springer, 2013. Vol. 132, no 3, 239-252 p.
Nemertodermatida, Acoelomorpha, Musculature, Myogenesis, Phalloidin
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-89583DOI: 10.1007/s00435-013-0191-6OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-89583DiVA: diva2:618699