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Potential bias in 'updating' tree-ring chronologies using regional curve standardisation: Re-processing 1500 years of Tornetrask density and ring-width data
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology.
2013 (English)In: The Holocene, ISSN 0959-6836, E-ISSN 1477-0911, Vol. 23, no 3, 364-373 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We describe the analysis of existing and new maximum-latewood-density (MXD) and tree-ring width (TRW) data from the Tornetrask region of northern Sweden and the construction of 1500 year chronologies. Some previous work found that MXD and TRW chronologies from Tornetrask were inconsistent over the most recent 200 years, even though they both reflect predominantly summer temperature influences on tree growth. We show that this was partly a result of systematic bias in MXD data measurements and partly a result of inhomogeneous sample selection from living trees (modern sample bias). We use refinements of the simple Regional Curve Standardisation (RCS) method of chronology construction to identify and mitigate these biases. The new MXD and TRW chronologies now present a largely consistent picture of long-timescale changes in past summer temperature in this region over their full length, indicating similar levels of summer warmth in the medieval period (MWP, c. CE 900-1100) and the latter half of the 20th century. Future work involving the updating of MXD chronologies using differently sourced measurements may require similar analysis and appropriate adjustment to that described here to make the data suitable for the production of un-biased RCS chronologies. The use of 'growth-rate' based multiple RCS curves is recommended to identify and mitigate the problem of 'modern sample bias'.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 23, no 3, 364-373 p.
Keyword [en]
climate, dendroclimatology, maximum latewood density, reconstruction, Tornetrask, tree rings
National Category
Physical Geography Geology
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-89738DOI: 10.1177/0959683612460791ISI: 000316635400005OAI: diva2:620053
Swedish Research Council, VR70454201Formas, VR70454201EU, European Research Council, 017008


Available from: 2013-05-07 Created: 2013-05-06 Last updated: 2013-05-07Bibliographically approved

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Grudd, Håkan
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