Eco-certiﬁcation of Farmed Seafood: Will it Make a Difference?
2013 (English)In: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, Vol. 42, no 6, 659-674 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Eco-certification is widely considered a tool forreducing environmental impacts of aquaculture, but whatare the likely environmental outcomes for the world’sfastest growing animal-food production sector? This articleanalyzes a number of eco-certification schemes based onspecies choice, anticipated share of the global seafoodmarket, size of eligible producers, and targeted environ-mental impacts. The potential of eco-certification to reducethe negative environmental impacts of aquaculture at scalepresently appears uncertain as: (a) certification schemescurrently focus on species predominantly consumed in theEU and US, with limited coverage of Asian markets; (b)the share of certified products in the market as currentlyprojected is too low; (c) there is an inequitable and non-uniform applicability of certification across the sector; (d)mechanisms or incentives for improvement among theworst performers are lacking; and (e) there is incompletecoverage of environmental impacts, with biophysical sus-tainability and ecosystem perspectives generally lacking.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 42, no 6, 659-674 p.
Eco-certification, Aquaculture, Seafood, LCA, Sustainability, Environmental impacts
Environmental Sciences Biological Sciences
Research subject Marine Ecotoxicology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-90056DOI: 10.1007/s13280-013-0409-3ISI: 000323734700001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-90056DiVA: diva2:622266