Improved understanding of key elements governing the toxicity of energy ash eluates
2013 (English)In: Waste Management, ISSN 0956-053X, E-ISSN 1879-2456, Vol. 33, no 4, 842-849 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Ash from incinerated waste consists mainly of a complex mixture of metals and other inorganic elements and should be classified based on its inherent hazardous effects according to EUs Waste Framework Directive. In a previous study, we classified eight eluates from ash materials from Swedish incineration plants, both chemically and ecotoxicologically (using bacteria, algae, crustacean and fish). Based on measured concentrations in the eluates together with literature acute toxicity data on the crustacean Nitocra spinipes we identified six elements (i.e. Zn, Cu, Pb, Al, K and Ca) potentially responsible for the observed ecotoxicity. However, comparing the used test methods with N. spinipes, the acute test was relatively insensitive to the eluates, whereas the (sub)chronic test (i.e. a partial life cycle test, investigating larval development ratio) was very sensitive. The overall aim of this follow-up study was to verify if the pinpointed elements could be responsible for the observed (sub)chronic toxicity of the eluates. Individual effect levels (i.e. NOEC values) for these six elements were therefore generated using the (sub)chronic test. Our results show that for six of the eight eluates, the observed ecotoxicity can be explained by individual elements not classified as ecotoxic (Al, K and Ca) according to chemical legislation. These elements will not be considered using summation models on elements classified as ecotoxic in solid material for the classification of H-14, but will have significant implications using ecotoxicological test methods for this purpose.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 33, no 4, 842-849 p.
Ash, Classification, Ecotoxicity tests, H-14, Nitocra spinipes
Environmental Sciences Ecology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-90192DOI: 10.1016/j.wasman.2012.12.008ISI: 000317798000009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-90192DiVA: diva2:623813