Predictors of mobility in community-dwelling women aged 85 and older
2013 (English)In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 35, no 11, 881-887 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Purpose: To describe changes in mobility measured with the Timed Up and Go test (TUG) from baseline to follow-up 9 years later, and to examine which of the demographic, physical performance and health variables measured at baseline were predictors of the TUG at follow-up in a sample of women aged 85 or older. Method: This prospective cohort study included 113 community-dwelling women with a baseline mean age of 79.5 years. TUG was measured at baseline and at follow-up. The following baseline measurements were used as predictors: demographics, step-climbing ability, functional reach, and health. Results: At follow-up 110 women had decline in the TUG. Mean TUG scores at baseline and at follow-up were 6.7 s (SD = 1.3) and 13.2 s (SD = 6.8) respectively. Higher age, higher BMI, poorer results on; functional reach, step-climbing and self-rated health were independent predictors of poorer TUG at the 9-year follow-up. Exhibiting sufficient strength to climb a step of 40 cm or more protected significantly against mobility decline. Improving balance measured by the functional reach test by 1 cm lowered the probability of major mobility decline by 7%. Conclusions: Our results suggest that to decrease the risk of mobility decline focus should be on strength, balance and nutrition.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 35, no 11, 881-887 p.
Balance, elderly, health, mobility, physical performance, risk factors, strength, women
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-90399DOI: 10.3109/09638288.2012.712195ISI: 000318357700002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-90399DiVA: diva2:624891