Radionuclide Transport and Uptake in Coastal Aquatic Ecosystems: A Comparison of a 3D Dynamic Model and a Compartment Model
2013 (English)In: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, Vol. 42, no 4, 464-475 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In safety assessments of underground radioactive waste repositories, understanding radionuclide fate in ecosystems is necessary to determine the impacts of potential releases. Here, the reliability of two mechanistic models (the compartmental K-model and the 3D dynamic D-model) in describing the fate of radionuclides released into a Baltic Sea bay is tested. Both are based on ecosystem models that simulate the cycling of organic matter (carbon). Radionuclide transfer is linked to adsorption and flows of carbon in food chains. Accumulation of Th-230, Cs-135, and Ni-59 in biological compartments was comparable between the models and site measurements despite differences in temporal resolution, biological state variables, and partition coefficients. Both models provided confidence limits for their modeled concentration ratios, an improvement over models that only estimate means. The D-model enables estimates at high spatio-temporal resolution. The K-model, being coarser but faster, allows estimates centuries ahead. Future developments could integrate the two models to take advantage of their respective strengths.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 42, no 4, 464-475 p.
Steady state, Biosphere, Process modeling, Bioaccumulation, Point source
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-90772DOI: 10.1007/s13280-013-0398-2ISI: 000318285100010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-90772DiVA: diva2:628724