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"Det kräver bara lite mer tid och det kräver bra personer omkring dig.": Unga vuxna med rörelsehinder berättar om sin skoltid.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
All you need is just a little more time and you need to be surrounded by good people. : Young adults with motor disabilities tell us about their schooldays. (English)
Abstract [sv]

Utifrån Normaliseringsprincipen och demokratiska strömningar under andra hälften av 1900-talet påbörjades på skolområdet en integreringsprocess. Begreppet inkludering introducerades senare för att markera skolans ansvar i frågan. Trots inkluderingsuppdraget har avskiljande lösningar inom skolan åter blivit vanliga. Studier om rörelsehindrade barns skolvardag visar att det förekommer många exkluderande situationer i skolan, ofta omedvetna och i tron att dessa är bäst för eleven. Dessa situationer är en följd av att skolan inte arbetar på organisationsnivå med inkluderingsfrågor.

Syftet med denna studie har varit att belysa inkluderingsaspekter i skolan för elever med rörelsehinder. Deltagarna i studien var tre unga personer med rörelsehinder som gått inkluderade i skolan. Studien har en livshistorisk ansats där deltagarna berättade om sina skolminnen, som sedan analyserades utifrån Tangens modell om fyra dimensioner: tid, mening, relationer, samt självbestämmande och kontroll.

Deltagarna bedömer att de i den inkluderade skolverksamheten utvecklats, men att de många gånger fått kämpa för sin rätt och ibland fått lösa uppkomna situationer själva. De har alla haft elevassistent. De unga vuxna som deltagit i studien är positiva till inkludering och menar att detta har gett dem bättre möjligheter i deras vuxna liv.

Vidare forskning kan vara longitudinella studier om elever med funktionsnedsättningar och fortsatta studier, hur den marknadsanpassade skolan påverkar elever med funktionsnedsättningars möjligheter att gå inkluderade, studier om elevassistentens funktion samt hur inkluderande idrottsundervisningen ska bedrivas för elever med rörelsehinder.

Abstract [en]

Based on the Normalization Principle and democratic movements in the second half of the 1900s an integration process considering school began. The concept of inclusion was introduced later to mark the school's responsibility in the matter. Despite the inclusion mission separation solutions for school has again become common. Studies on disabled children's school day shows that there are many exclusive situations in school, often unconscious, and in the belief that these are the best for the student. These situations are a result of schools not working at the organizational level with inclusion issues. The purpose of this study was to illuminate the inclusion aspects of the school for students with disabilities. Participants in the study were three young people with disabilities who have included the school. The study has a life-historical approach in which participants talked about their school memories, which were then analyzed based on Tangen´s model in four dimensions: time, meaning, relationships, and self-determination and control. The participants believe that they included in the school system evolved but they often had to fight for their rights and sometimes had to resolve arisen situations  themselves. They have all had a student assistant. The young adults who participated in the study are positive towards inclusion and believe that this has given them better opportunities in their adult lives. Further research may be longitudinal studies of students with disabilities and further studies, how the market-school affects students with disabilities and their ability to be included at  school, studies on student assistant's function and how inclusive physical education should be conducted for students with disabilities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 50 p.
Keyword [en]
Cerebral Palsy, disability, disabled, inclusion, life history, listen to students' voices, bullying, normalization principle, physical disabilities, teaching assistant, school day, educational biography
Keyword [sv]
Cerebral Pares, funktionshinder, funktionsnedsättning, inkludering, livshistoria, lyssna till elevers röster, mobbning, normaliseringsprincipen, rörelsehinder, elevassistent, skolvardag, utbildningsbiografi
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-90968OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-90968DiVA: diva2:628991
Presentation
2013-05-23, 11:05 (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-06-19 Created: 2013-06-15 Last updated: 2013-06-19Bibliographically approved

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