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Offshoring and the onshore composition of tasks and skills
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics. Sveriges Riksbank, Stockholm, Sweden.
2013 (English)In: Journal of International Economics, ISSN 0022-1996, E-ISSN 1873-0353, Vol. 90, no 1, 91-106 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We analyze the relationship between offshoring and the onshore workforce composition in German multinational enterprises (MNEs), using plant data that allow us to discern tasks, occupations, and workforce skills. Offshoring is associated with a statistically significant shift towards more non-routine and more interactive tasks, and with a shift towards highly educated workers. The shift towards highly educated workers is in excess of what is implied by changes in either the task or the occupational composition. Offshoring to low-income countries-with the exception of Central and Eastern European countries-is associated with stronger onshore responses. We find offshoring to predict between 10 and 15% of observed changes in wage-bill shares of highly educated workers and measures of non-routine and interactive tasks.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 90, no 1, 91-106 p.
Keyword [en]
Trade in tasks, Multinational enterprises, Demand for labor, Linked employer-employee data
National Category
Economics and Business
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-91534DOI: 10.1016/j.jinteco.2012.10.005ISI: 000318836500007OAI: diva2:634556


Available from: 2013-07-01 Created: 2013-06-28 Last updated: 2013-07-01Bibliographically approved

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Ekholm, Karolina
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