Effects of lifestyle on plasma levels of the IGF system and the antioxidants coenzyme Q10 and vitamin E in Kenyan rural and urban populations
2013 (English)In: Growth Hormone & IGF Research, ISSN 1096-6374, Vol. 23, no 3, 68-75 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objective: Overnight fasting blood plasma insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I), insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1), coenzyme Q10, (CoQ) vitamin E and plasma lipids were compared between a semi-nomadic Samburu population and relatively urbanized cohorts from Nairobi, Kenya. Research design and methods: 143 middle aged subjects without known diabetes were included. IGF-I and IGFBP-1 were analyzed by RIA, and CoQ and vitamin E by HPLC. Plasma lipid levels were analyzed by standard laboratory methods routinely used in the clinics. Results: The age adjusted IGF-I serum levels were low in the Samburu male and female populations, ranging from 0 to -4 IGFSD-score (SDS), and a minor part of the investigated population reaching as low as -5 and -7 SDS. The Nairobi cohorts showed significantly higher values reaching from -2.5 to + 1 SDS (P<0.0001). The nomadic Samburu population showed fasting IGFBP-1 values ranging from 30-100 mu g/l, while that of the urbanized Nairobi cohorts was considerably lower (25-60 mu g/l) (P<0.0001). CoQ concentrations of the Nairobi cohorts were 1.5-2.0 nmol/ml similar to the levels found in several European countries. The Samburu population on the other hand showed extremely high CoQ values ranging from 2 to 9 nmol/ml (P<0.0001). Vitamin E levels of the Nairobi group were low (5-20 nmol/ml), but the Samburu population had even lower levels ranging from 3 to 15 nmol/ml (P<0.0001). Plasma lipid levels such as cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL/HDL, ApoB/ApoA ratios as well as BMI and weight were significantly higher in the Nairobi population (P<0.0001). Conclusions: Low IGF-I and high IGFBP-1 levels of the Samburu cohorts indicate malnutrition. High lipid levels of the Nairobi cohorts indicate that these groups have several risk factors for cardiovascular diseases and diabetes type2.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 23, no 3, 68-75 p.
Insulin-like growth factor-I, Insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1, Coenzyme Q, Vitamin E
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-91831DOI: 10.1016/j.ghir.2013.01.003ISI: 000319092100004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-91831DiVA: diva2:636053
FunderSwedish Research Council