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Brasil entre Hispanoamérica: los brasileños y las variedades diatópicas del español: Implicaciones para la enseñanza de ELE en Brasil
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American Studies.
2013 (Spanish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Brazil within Hispanic America: Brazilian speakers and their consideration of diatopic variations of Spanish : Implications in the teaching of Spanish as a foreign language (English)
Abstract [es]

Este trabajo estudia la relación de hablantes brasileños de portugués con elementos de diferentes variedades diatópicas del español, en términos de conocimiento y de actitudes lingüísticas, con el objetivo de extraer implicaciones para la enseñanza del español lengua extranjera (ELE) y de sus variedades geográficas en Brasil. Este país tiene amplios vínculos económicos y culturales con España, que es también el líder mundial en la enseñanza de ELE. Sin embargo, Brasil se embarcó también en un vasto proceso de integración latinoamericana, principalmente a través de la creación del Mercosur, gracias al que establece relaciones profundas y duraderas con los países australes. Este contexto plural y ambivalente tiene sin duda repercusiones en la práctica de la lengua española en el país, pero ¿cuáles? y ¿cómo debería responder la enseñanza a este contexto particular? La investigación, con el objetivo de contestar estas preguntas, se realizó mediante un cuestionario en línea que fue contestado por 92 informantes, residentes de varios estados de Brasil. Esta encuesta, además de una parte de datos sociológicos, se componía de un apartado sobre acentos y musicalidades, donde los informantes tenían que valorar grabaciones de diferentes variedades del español sin conocer su origen, y un apartado sobre gramática y léxico, en el que se pedía a los encuestados elegir, entre grupos de frases equivalentes, los elementos que más conocían en un primer paso, y los que les parecían más correctos/válidos en un segundo paso. Los resultados mostraron que, en la parte de acentos y musicalidades, las variantes más familiares, es decir la castellana y la argentina, eran globalmente las más valoradas, en cuanto que la de México era la menos apreciada. En el apartado de gramática y léxico, se constató que los elementos americanos hablados en la zona austral, es decir la más próxima a Brasil, eran bastante reconocidos, pero no tanto como los peninsulares o “menos americanos”. En cuanto a los americanismos de zonas geográficas lejanas a Brasil, eran muy poco conocidos y legitimados. A la vista del contexto brasileño y de sus necesidades de practicar la lengua española en el ámbito del Mercosur, lo que se constata es que el lugar dado a los elementos australes es aún insuficiente, y que los profesionales de la enseñanza de ELE deberían perder el miedo a enseñar con una variedad de base americana, para responder a las necesidades de comunicación reales de los alumnos.

Abstract [en]

The study at hand explores the relationship between Brazilian Portuguese speakers and elements of several diatopic varieties of Spanish language in terms of knowledge and linguistic attitudes. We then discuss the possible implications of our findings in relationship to the didactic field of Spanish as a foreign language and the geographical varieties spoken in Brazil. This country has important economic and cultural links with Spain, which is also the world’s leader in teaching Spanish as a second language. Brazil is also involved in a large process of Latin American integration, mainly through the creation of Mercosur, thanks to which it has establish deep and durable relations with south American countries. This plural and ambivalent context has, without a doubt, had an influence on the use of Spanish in Brazil. But what kind of influence? And how should the field of didactics respond to this particular context? In order to answer these questions, we have carried out an online survey, which was completed by 92 participants in several states of Brazil. This survey, in conjunction to a sociological questionnaire, was comprised by a section dedicated to accent and musicality, where the participants had to rate recordings of different varieties of Spanish without knowing their origin. It also included a section related to grammar and vocabulary, where the participants had to choose elements which they knew, and elements they thought were more correct/valid from a group of equivalents sentences. The results showed that, in the “accent and musicality” section, the most familiar varieties – both Castellan and Argentinian  – were better rated, while the Mexican variation was the less valued. In the “grammar and vocabulary” section, it was found that the American elements used in the southern cone – Argentina, Paraguay and Uruguay – all countries close to Brazil, were well known and valued, but not as much as the peninsular or “less American” elements. In regards to the American elements used in distant dialectal areas of Brazil, they were little known or legitimized. Given Brazil’s context and its need to use the Spanish language in a Mercosur setting, we conclude that insufficient attention is given to the American elements of Spanish. We also note that professionals teaching Spanish as a second language in Brazil have to lose their fear of teaching Spanish in an American variety in order to respond to student’s language needs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 96 p.
Keyword [en]
Spanish as a foreign language, diatopic variations, Brazil, Mercosur, linguistic attitudes
Keyword [pt]
ensino do espanhol, variedades, Brasil, Mercosur, atitudes, espanhol língua estrangeira
Keyword [fr]
espagnol langue étrangère, variétés diatopiques, Brésil, Mercosur, attitudes, perceptions
Keyword [es]
enseñanza de ELE, variedades diatópicas, Brasil, Mercosur, actitudes lingüísticas
National Category
Specific Languages Educational Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-92751OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-92751DiVA: diva2:641854
Presentation
2013-06-10, 16:12 (Spanish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-08-21 Created: 2013-08-19 Last updated: 2013-08-21Bibliographically approved

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Master thesis V. Schmetz(836 kB)430 downloads
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