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Couples' Education and Regional Mobility - the Importance of Occupation, Income and Gender
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
2013 (English)In: Population, Space and Place, ISSN 1544-8452, E-ISSN 1544-8444, Vol. 19, no 5, 522-536 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

People with high education are more geographically mobile than people with lower education. Further, highly educated men are more mobile than highly educated women, and the man's education affects couples' migration propensities more than the woman's. This study examines whether the reasons for the higher migration propensities among highly educated people are the occupational characteristics and income commonly associated with high education. Further, the study examines whether the reason for the asymmetric effect of men's education relative to women's is that these occupational characteristics and income are unevenly distributed between men and women with similar educational levels. I studied dual-earner couples, with common children, residing in Sweden in 1997-2006. Results from logistic regressions indicate that both men's and women's education are positively related to couples' migration propensities, and that men's education has a larger impact on migration than women's, before adjusting for income and occupational characteristics. A substantial portion of the increased risk of migration among highly educated people can be attributed to income and occupational characteristics. Also, to a large extent, the differential effects of men's and women's education can be explained by the different types of occupations held by men and women within the same educational level, as well as by gender differences in monetary returns from education. When adjusting for these differences, only very minor gender differences in the effect of education remain. Despite theories on gender ideology, which implies men's attributes would dominate migration decisions, occupational characteristics have similar effects for men and women.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 19, no 5, 522-536 p.
Keyword [en]
family migration, sex segregation, gender, labour market, occupation, education
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology) Social and Economic Geography
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-92790DOI: 10.1002/psp.1730ISI: 000321758800006OAI: diva2:642790


Available from: 2013-08-23 Created: 2013-08-20 Last updated: 2013-12-03Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Gendered Migration Patterns within a Sex Segregated Labor Market
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gendered Migration Patterns within a Sex Segregated Labor Market
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

When a couple moves, the woman is often placed at a disadvantage. Moves are more often motivated by men’s career advancement opportunities, and men tend to gain more economically from moving. In this thesis, these patterns are examined with an eye on the role of sex segregation on the labor market. Results from the four studies indicate that there exist gender differences in couples’ migration patterns in Sweden. These differences cannot be completely explained by occupational sex segregation or by traditional gender ideologies.

I. Compared to men, women are more willing to move for the sake of their partner’s employment opportunities. Further, fathers move for the sake of their own career more often than mothers. Gender differences in these patterns are greater among individuals with gender traditional attitudes, but also exist in more egalitarian relationships.

II. In a couple, the man’s educational attainment affects couples’ mobility more than the woman’s. This is because highly educated men’s occupations have more career advancement opportunities and larger differences in wages between regions, whereas women’s occupations have higher geographic ubiquity. Both partners’ occupational characteristics have an equal impact on the couple’s mobility.

III. When a couple moves, the man benefits more financially than the woman. This differential cannot be wholly explained by occupational differences. Some of the lag in women’s earnings development can be accounted for by childbearing following a move. Occupations’ with greater geographic ubiquity correlate with more positive financial outcomes for both men and women following a move.

IV. At the start of co-residence, it is more common that the woman moves to the man than vice versa, and women generally move longer distances than men. Age differentails between partners explain part of these migration differences. Furthermore, men’s migration propensities and distance moved are more affected by labor market ties than women’s.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Acta Universitatis Stockholmiensis, 2013. 39 p.
Dissertation series / Stockholm University Demography Unit, ISSN 1404-2304 ; 10
family migration, gender, tied moving, regional mobility, earnings, occupation, sex segregation, co-residence, migration distance, education
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociological Demography
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-97099 (URN)978-91-87235-60-3 (ISBN)978-91-87235-59-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2014-01-17, Nordenskiöldsalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Svante Arrhenius väg 12, Stockholm, 10:00
Swedish Research Council, 839-2008-7495Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2008- 0489

At the time of the doctoral defense, the following paper was unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 1: Accepted.

Available from: 2013-12-19 Created: 2013-12-03 Last updated: 2016-05-27Bibliographically approved

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Brandén, Maria
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