Activation, adhesion and motility of B lymphocytes in health and disease
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
B cells can be activated by T cell-dependent stimuli, such as CD40 ligation and cytokines, which induce extensive proliferation, class switch recombination and somatic hypermutation.
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) can also induce B cell activation by mimicking T cell help through its main oncoprotein, latent membrane protein 1 (LMP-1). It is regulated by another EBV-encoded protein, EBV nuclear antigen 2 (EBNA-2), which is absent in Hodgkin and Burkitt lymphomas. We have studied LMP-1 induction by cytokines in vitro and shown that LMP-1 is induced through the transcription factor signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT6) and a newly defined high-affinity STAT6-binding site.
When IL-4 is added together with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or α-CD40 to B cells, it induces homotypic round and tight aggregates in vitro, whereas LPS alone does not induce such morphological changes. I describe here attempts to identify the molecules that regulate these responses.
I have shown that the Rho GTPase Cdc42 controls the spreading of B cells, whereas two other molecules in the same family, Rac1 and Rac2, control homotypic adhesion. Further, I have shown by conditional deletion of Cdc42 in B cells that it is important in the humoral immune response. Dock10 is a guanosine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) for Cdc42. It is expressed through all differentiation stages of B cell development. However, targeted deletion of Dock10 in B cells does not result in an aberrant phenotype. Furthermore, by studying conditional knockout mice for Dock10, Cdc42, Rac1 and Rac2, I have elucidated the mechanism of cytoskeletal changes during B cell activation, leading to adhesion and motility.
My results may lead to a better understanding of normal B cell activation and of EBV infection, which is associated with many human tumours and may help to understand cancer development and progression in B cells.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Molecular Biosciences, The Wenner-Gren Institute, Stockholm University , 2013. , 64 p.
B cells, activation, motility, IL-4, EBV, Dock10, Cdc42, Rac1 and Rac2
Research subject Immunology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-92944ISBN: 978-91-7447-704-7OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-92944DiVA: diva2:643482
2013-10-04, Magnélisalen, Kemiska övningslaboratoriet, Svante Arrhenius väg 16 B, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Tybulewicz, Victor, Professor
Severinson, Eva, Professor
At the time of the doctoral defense, the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 2: Manuscript. Paper 3: Manuscript.2013-09-122013-08-262013-09-09Bibliographically approved
List of papers