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Early melt season snowpack isotopic evolution in the Tarfala valley, northern Sweden
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology.
2013 (English)In: Annals of Glaciology, ISSN 0260-3055, E-ISSN 1727-5644, Vol. 54, no 62, 149-156 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study investigated the stable water isotopic (delta O-18 and delta D) evolution of two snowpacks located at the same elevation on a north-facing (Nf) and a south-facing (Sf) slope within the Tarfala research catchment, northern Sweden, and the potential impact of pre-freshet snowpack melt on streamflow. Our results indicate that over the study period the Sf snowpack showed a more enriched isotopic composition, especially in the top of the profile, and contributed more snowmelt to streamflow than the Nf slope. The Sf snowpack also showed a significantly higher variability in snowpack delta O-18 levels and snowpack snow water equivalent (SWE) over time. Comparing snowpack and snowmelt isotopic values it was seen that the Sf slope experienced earlier snowmelt from upslope positions due to greater insolation that subsequently enhanced the meltwater flux at the base of downslope snowpacks. In contrast, the Nf slope primarily underwent changes within the snowpack and experienced relatively minimal melt. Detailed field-based isotopic snowmelt studies such as this highlight the potential importance of incorporating spatio-temporal runoff generation concepts into distributed energy-balance models, which could allow for more accurate prediction with regard to the spatio-temporal dynamics associated with the snowmelt ion pulse.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 54, no 62, 149-156 p.
National Category
Physical Geography Geosciences, Multidisciplinary
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-92931DOI: 10.3189/2013AoG62A232ISI: 000322047100004OAI: diva2:644122


Available from: 2013-08-29 Created: 2013-08-26 Last updated: 2013-08-29Bibliographically approved

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Dahlke, Helen E.Lyon, Steve W.
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Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology
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