Sleep Disturbance and Depressive Symptoms in Adolescence: The Role of Catastrophic Worry
2013 (English)In: Journal of Youth and Adolescence, ISSN 0047-2891, E-ISSN 1573-6601, Vol. 42, no 8, 1223-1233 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Depression is a common and debilitating disorder in adolescence. Sleep disturbances and depression often co-occur with sleep disturbances frequently preceding depression. The current study investigated whether catastrophic worry, a potential cognitive vulnerability, mediates the relationship between adolescent sleep disturbances and depressive symptoms, as well as whether there are gender differences in this relationship. High school students, ages 16-18, n = 1,760, 49 % girls, completed annual health surveys including reports of sleep disturbance, catastrophic worry, and depressive symptoms. Sleep disturbances predicted depressive symptoms 1-year later. Catastrophic worry partially mediated the relationship. Girls reported more sleep disturbances, depressive symptoms, and catastrophic worry relative to boys. The results, however, were similar regardless of gender. Sleep disturbances and catastrophic worry may provide school nurses, psychologists, teachers, and parents with non-gender specific early indicators of risk for depression. Several potentially important practical implications, including suggestions for intervention and prevention programs, are highlighted.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 42, no 8, 1223-1233 p.
Adolescence, Sleep, Depression, Catastrophizing, Worry, Gender
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-92914DOI: 10.1007/s10964-012-9811-6ISI: 000321973800009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-92914DiVA: diva2:644356