INFLUENCE OF LEACHING CONDITIONS FOR ECOTOXICOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION OF ASH
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
The Waste Framework Directive (WFD; 2008/98/EC) states that classification of hazardous ecotoxicological properties of wastes (i.e.criteria H-14), should be based on the Community legislation on chemicals (i.e.CLP Regulation 1272/2008). However, harmonizing the waste and chemical classification may involve drastic changes related to choice of leaching tests as compared to e.g. the current European standard for ecotoxic characterization of waste (CEN 14735). The primary aim of the present study was therefore to evaluate the influence of leaching conditions, i.e. pH (inherent pH (~10), and 7), liquid to solid (L/S) ratio (10 and 1000L/kg) and particle size (< 4 mm, < 1 mm, and < 0.125 mm), for subsequent chemical analysis and ecotoxicity testing in relation to classification of municipal waste incineration bottom ash. The hazard potential, based on either comparisons between element levels in leachate and literature toxicity data or ecotoxicological testing of the leachates, was overall significantly higher at low particle size (<0.125 mm) as compared to particle fractions < 1 mm and < 4 mm, at pH 10 as compared to pH 7, and at L/S 10 as compared to L/S 1000. These results show that the choice of leaching conditions is crucial for H-14 classification of ash and must be carefully considered in deciding on future guidance procedures in Europe.
Ash; Hazardous Waste; H-14 classification; Ecotoxicity tests; CLP Regulation; Waste Framework Directive
Research subject Applied Environmental Science
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-93110OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-93110DiVA: diva2:644872