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Two-Tiered Control of Epithelial Growth and Autophagy by the Insulin Receptor and the Ret-Like Receptor, Stitcher
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Molecular Biosciences, The Wenner-Gren Institute. University of Oslo.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Molecular Biosciences, The Wenner-Gren Institute. Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center .
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2013 (English)In: PLoS biology, ISSN 1544-9173, E-ISSN 1545-7885, Vol. 11, no 7, e1001612- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Body size in Drosophila larvae, like in other animals, is controlled by nutrition. Nutrient restriction leads to catabolic responses in the majority of tissues, but the Drosophila mitotic imaginal discs continue growing. The nature of these differential control mechanisms that spare distinct tissues from starvation are poorly understood. Here, we reveal that the Ret-like receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK), Stitcher (Stit), is required for cell growth and proliferation through the PI3K-I/TORC1 pathway in the Drosophila wing disc. Both Stit and insulin receptor (InR) signaling activate PI3K-I and drive cellular proliferation and tissue growth. However, whereas optimal growth requires signaling from both InR and Stit, catabolic changes manifested by autophagy only occur when both signaling pathways are compromised. The combined activities of Stit and InR in ectodermal epithelial tissues provide an RTK-mediated, two-tiered reaction threshold to varying nutritional conditions that promote epithelial organ growth even at low levels of InR signaling.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 11, no 7, e1001612- p.
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Biological Sciences
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URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-93194DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1001612ISI: 000322592700016OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-93194DiVA: diva2:645742
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AuthorCount:5;

Available from: 2013-09-05 Created: 2013-09-04 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

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Samakovlis, Christos
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