Presequence processing increases the stability of the human Presequence Protease, hPreP
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Most of the mitochondrial matrix proteins are nuclear encoded, synthesized in the cytoplasm and have to be targeted to the mitochondria. For matrix proteins, this is generally achieved due to the presence of a N-terminal sequence, called presequence. After reaching the mitochondrial matrix, the presequence is cleaved off by the mitochondrial processing peptidase, MPP, giving rise to the mature protein and the presequence. Free presequences are degraded in the mitochondrial matrix by the Presequence Protease, PreP. Previous studies demonstrated that the correct maturation of mitochondrial proteins is important either for stability or catalytic activity of the protein.
In the present study, we estimated the presequence length of the human PreP, hPreP, to be 28 amino acids long, using HEK293T cells and recombinant MPP. Furthermore, we analyzed the activity of the recombinant hPreP precursor and its mature form using two peptides, amyloid-β (1-40) peptide or the synthetic peptide substrate V, and we observed that the proteolytic maturation does not affect hPreP enzymatic activity. However, we detected a significantly lower stability for the hPreP precursor in comparison to the mature form of the enzyme, through pulse-chase experiments using vaccinia virus expression system in mammalian cells. These results show that the mitochondrial processing is required for the hPreP stability.
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Research subject Biochemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-93283OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-93283DiVA: diva2:646097