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Adolescent Educational Outcomes in Blended Families: Evidence from Swedish Register Data 1998-2007
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology. (Demografiska avdelningen)
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Using data from Swedish population registers (n: 874,812) this paper examines the association between sibling structure and educational outcomes among Swedish 9th graders 1998 to 2007. The large dataset, with the full student population, enables us to differentiate between adolescents with older and younger maternal as well as paternal half-siblings. The results show that adolescents in post-separation families with half-siblings have lower overall grades and are less likely to be eligible for school continuation after 9th grade than those without half-siblings. The results point to interesting gender patterns both by the sex of the child as well as whether the half-sibling is maternal or paternal. 

Keyword [en]
Family structure, sibling structure, blended family, stepfamily, half-sibling, adolescent well-being, educational outcomes
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Sociological Demography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-93357OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-93357DiVA: diva2:646489
Funder
FAS, Swedish Council for Working Life and Social Research, 2004-1975
Available from: 2013-09-09 Created: 2013-09-09 Last updated: 2013-09-10Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Stepfamily Dynamics in Sweden: Essays on family structure and children’s well-being
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Stepfamily Dynamics in Sweden: Essays on family structure and children’s well-being
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis investigates different aspects of family structure and children’s well-being in Sweden. Applying a child perspective, it analyzes children’s likelihood of stepfamily entry, their emotional well-being in different family forms and educational outcomes in families with complex sibling structures. Analyses are performed using data from nationally representative surveys of both parents and children as well as from administrative registers.

The results do not show any socioeconomic differences in the process of family reconstitution, although children of parents with low educational attainment are more likely to be in the risk pool for stepfamily formation. There are however differences by gender, with girls having higher likelihood of stepfamily entry than boys, especially in the younger ages. Children are also more likely to experience a stepfamily formation on the paternal side, thus gaining a stepmother. Gender differences can also be found in the association between family type and emotional as well as educational well-being, with girls showing slightly more adverse outcomes than boys. Children of both sexes do however show lower well-being and school outcomes in post-separation family types than in original two-parent families.

Like previous international stepfamily literature the results show that Swedish children in stepfamilies and blended families experience adverse emotional and educational outcomes but that the differences are generally small. The main contrast to previous, mostly American, studies are the lack of socioeconomic differences in stepfamily formation and that adverse emotional outcomes in single parent families as well as stepfamilies seem to be mainly explained by differences in parenting and the parent-child relationship rather than economic deprivation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Acta Universitatis Stockholmiensis, 2013. 43 p.
Series
Dissertation series / Stockholm University Demography Unit, ISSN 1404-2304 ; 8
Keyword
Stepfamily, family structure, child well-being
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociological Demography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-93284 (URN)978-91-87235-50-4 (ISBN)978-91-87235-49-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2013-10-11, Ahlmannsalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Svante Arrhenius väg 12, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Projects
Familjestruktur, ekonomiska resurser och barns levnadsvillkor
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2004-1975
Note

At the time of the doctoral defense, the following paper was unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper3: Manuscript.

Available from: 2013-09-19 Created: 2013-09-06 Last updated: 2016-05-27Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
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