Behaviour of the winter North Atlantic eddy-driven jet stream in the CMIP3 integrations
2013 (English)In: Climate Dynamics, ISSN 0930-7575, E-ISSN 1432-0894, Vol. 41, no 3-4, 995-1007 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A systematic analysis of the winter North Atlantic eddy-driven jet stream latitude and wind speed from 52 model integrations, taken from the coupled model intercomparison project phase 3, is carried out and compared to results obtained from the ERA-40 reanalyses. We consider here a control simulation, twentieth century simulation, and two time periods (2046-2065 and 2081-2100) from a twenty-first century, high-emission A2 forced simulation. The jet wind speed seasonality is found to be similar between the twentieth century simulations and the ERA-40 reanalyses and also between the control and forced simulations although nearly half of the models overestimate the amplitude of the seasonal cycle. A systematic equatorward bias of the models jet latitude seasonality, by up to 7A degrees, is observed, and models additionally overestimate the seasonal cycle of jet latitude about the mean, with the majority of the models showing equatorward and poleward biases during the cold and warm seasons respectively. A main finding of this work is that no GCM under any forcing scenario considered here is able to simulate the trimodal behaviour of the observed jet latitude distribution. The models suffer from serious problems in the structure of jet variability, rather than just quantitiative errors in the statistical moments.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 41, no 3-4, 995-1007 p.
Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-93574DOI: 10.1007/s00382-012-1560-4ISI: 000322619500027OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-93574DiVA: diva2:647432
NOAA Climate and Global Change Fellowship through the University Corporation of Atmospheric Research Visiting Science Program2013-09-112013-09-102013-09-11Bibliographically approved