Some features of the trace metal biogeochemistry in the deep-sea hydrothermal vent fields (Menez Gwen, Rainbow, Broken Spur at the MAR and 9°50'N at the EPR): A synthesis
2013 (English)In: Journal of Marine Systems, ISSN 0924-7963, Vol. 126, no SI, 94-105 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Along with summarizing the published literature and our own data some new results on properties of the trace metal biogeochemistry in the deep-sea hydrothermal ecosystems at the Mid-Atlantic Ridge (MAR) and East Pacific Rise (EPR) are shown. Differences in mean concentrations of big group of trace metals (Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu, Ni, Cr, Co, As, Pb, Cd, Ag, Hg) between the biotope water of the low- and high-temperature hydrothermal vent fields were firstly revealed. The same trace metals were studied in different groups of organisms within different temperature zones at one and the same vent field (9°50′N EPR), as well as in fauna inhabiting geochemically different vent sites. Distribution patterns of Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu, Cd, Pb, Ag, Ni, Cr, Co, As, Se, Sb, and Hg in different taxa gave an evidence of the influence of environmental and biological parameters on their bioaccumulation in organisms. Among the animals a particular “champion” with respect to the trace metal content was found to be a polychaeta Alvinella pompejana that inhabits the hottest places of the vent sulfide chimneys of the 9°50′N field, EPR. New data on the trace metal distribution between soft tissues and carbonate shell let us estimate a role of biomineralization in the accumulation of metals in the Bathimodiolus mussels. Contrasting geochemical behavior was revealed for Cu that is enriched in soft tissues of mussels and depleted in shells, on the one hand, and Mn that is accumulated almost totally in mussel shells, on the other hand.
Deep-sea hydrothermal biological communities demonstrate a strong concentration function, and bioconcentration factors (BCF) of trace metals estimated for Bathimodiolus mussels collected at the four hydrothermal fields vary within the limits of n102–n105 and are similar to that of the littoral mussels. Due to this and to the high values of biomasses per square meter, the hydrothermal fauna may be considered as a newly discovered biological filter of the oceans.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2013. Vol. 126, no SI, 94-105 p.
Trace metals, biogeochemistry, hydrothermal systems, biological communities, cencentration function, biomineralization
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences Oceanography, Hydrology, Water Resources
Research subject Geochemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-94211DOI: 10.1016/j.jmarsys.2012.09.005ISI: 000324785000009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-94211DiVA: diva2:652620
43rd Joint International Liege Colloquium on Ocean Dynamics / Geotraces-Bonus-GoodHope Meeting Location: Liege, BELGIUM Date: MAY 02-06, 2011
AuthoCount: 4;2013-10-012013-10-012013-10-21Bibliographically approved