Effect of lipid composition on respiration-driven ATP synthesis
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Energy conversion in biological systems is underpinned by membrane-bound proton transporters that generate and maintain a proton electrochemical gradient across the membrane. The free energy stored in this gradient is used, for example, for transport of molecules or ions by other transporters as well as for generation of ATP by the ATP synthase. Understanding the overall process requires functional studies of the coupled reactions, which involve co-reconstitution of e.g. a proton pump and a transporter that utilizes the proton gradient. This process is likely to be further influenced by the composition of the membrane, which, for example, may facilitate lateral proton transfer. In the present study, we have co-reconstituted the proton pump bo3 ubiquinol oxidase with ATP synthase, both from E. coli, in liposomes with different membrane compositions. The coupled proton pumping and ATP-synthesis activities were investigated. We found that the ATP synthesis was significantly higher in a membrane composed of pure DOPC lipids than in the presence of DOPA, DOPE, DOPG or cardiolipin. The drop in activity was considerably more pronounced upon addition of the negatively charged head groups (PA, PG or cardiolipin) than upon addition of the zwitterionic PE. The origin of these effects is discussed.
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Research subject Biochemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-94552OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-94552DiVA: diva2:653651
FunderSwedish Research Council