THE CHANGING LANDSCAPE OF GLOBAL GOVERNANCE: A case study of the role of non-state actors in tuna RFMOs
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
The landscape of global governance is changing. Interstate cooperating is increasingly characterized by fragmented network-like arrangements and substantial participation of non-state actors (NSAs), such as non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and transnational corporations (TNCs). Most studies on NSAs participation in global governance have focused on proving that NSAs matter, as a counter reaction to state-centric approaches that has dominated the field of International Relations. Less focus has however been given to exploring the linkages between NSAs participation and the impact on outcomes of global governance processes.
This study addresses this gap in research by focusing on trends of NSA participation and exploring the impact of these trends on governance outcomes through a case study of tuna Regional Fisheries Management Organizations (tuna RFMOs). The results of this study show a major difference in institutional access between NGOs and industry representatives that participate in tuna RFMOs, which seems to co-determine their potential to influence governance outcomes. Further, Environmental NGOs (ENGO) increasingly participating as observers in tuna RFMOs which seems to have had positive effects in terms of sustainable management, e.g. more consideration of the precautionary principle. The study also illustrates the increased collaboration between industry and NGOs through the creation of hybrid NGOs and certification schemes. These new initiatives may help steer tuna fisheries towards a more sustainable and desirable trajectory. However, there are also indications that different types of NSAs are competing for influence rather than collaborating to achieve common goals.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 48 p.
Global governance, non-state actors, participation, access to policy arenas, tuna regional fisheries management organizations (tuna RFMOs), tuna governance, mix-method approach, the ISSF, hybrid NGOs
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-94963OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-94963DiVA: diva2:657351
2013-10-11, 11:15 (English)