Uno para todos y todos para uno: Emergence and long-term endurance of collective action for governance of marine resources in Roatán, Honduras
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
Illegal fishing is one of the main threats to coral reefs around the world. To address this and other problems related with natural resources degradation, self-organized collective action has been provided as an alternative to conventional management by the state. This study examines factors that enable the emergence and moreover, the long-term endurance of successful collective action for governance of marine resources. The case under study is the Roatan Marine Park Association (RMP), a grassroots initiative created to protect the reef from illegal fishing in Roatán, Honduras. The findings suggest the critical importance of social capital- measured in this study through features of trust, reciprocity and civic engagement- as well as leadership- performed by agents of change- for the initiation and the sustainability of the RMP. While the role of both factors was clearly evident for the emergence and endurance of the initiative, the findings also demonstrate that the decrease of community trust in the RMP can potentially affect its long-term endurance. In addition, context and other factors, i.e. recognizing the importance of managing the resources users depend on for their livelihoods, homogeneity in livelihoods and socio-cultural heterogeneity, and legal support from the government, also play an important role in the endurance of collective action. An approach where governments and self-organized initiatives work in partnerships is proposed. Furthermore, governments are called to support existing initiatives and create institutional mechanisms that people can use to organize themselves and collectively contribute to achieving more sustainable social-ecological systems.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 76 p.
collective action, common-pool resources, social capital, agency, Roatan Marine Park
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-94964OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-94964DiVA: diva2:657352
2013-10-11, 11:15 (English)