Exposure to the Saturated Free Fatty Acid Palmitate AltersBV-2 Microglia Inflammatory Response
2013 (English)In: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience, ISSN 0895-8696, E-ISSN 1559-1166, Vol. 51, no 3, 805-812 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Elevated levels of free fatty acids (FFAs) in plasma and increased incidence of chronic systemic inflammation are associated with obesity. In the brain, activated microglia are believed to play different roles during inflammation that may either be neuroprotective or promote neurodegeneration. Here, we have investigated the effects of FFAs on microglial response to inflammatory stimuli. Our results indicate that the saturated FFA palmitate on its own induces alternative activation of BV-2 microglia cells. Further, pre-exposure to palmitate changed the response of microglia to lipopolysaccharide (LPS). We show that palmitate affects the mRNA levels of the pro-inflammatory cytokines interleukin-1β and interleukin-6. The transcription factor CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein δ is also affected by pre-exposure to palmitate. Furthermore, the phagocytic activity of microglia was investigated using fluorescent beads. By analyzing the bead uptake by fluorescence-activated cell sorting, we found that palmitate alone, as well as together with LPS, stimulated the phagocytic activity of microglia. Taken together, our results suggest that exposure of microglia to increased levels of free fatty acids may alter the consequences of classical inflammatory stimuli.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 51, no 3, 805-812 p.
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Neurosciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-95103DOI: 10.1007/s12031-013-0068-7ISI: 000325710500021OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-95103DiVA: diva2:658298