Development of Catalytic Enantioselective Approaches for the Synthesis of Carbocycles and Heterocycles
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
In biological systems, most of the active organic molecules are chiral. Some of the main constituents of living organisms are amino acids and sugars. They exist predominantly in only one enantiomerically pure form. For example, our proteins are built-up by L-amino acids and as a consequence they are enatiomerically pure and will interact in different ways with enantiomers of chiral molecules. Indeed, different enantiomers or diastereomers of a molecule could often have a drastically different biological activity. It is of paramount importance in organic synthesis to develop new routes to control and direct the stereochemical outcome of reactions. The aim of this thesis is to investigate new protocols for the synthesis of complex chiral molecules using simple, environmentally friendly proline-based organocatalysts. We have investigated, the aziridination of linear and branched enals, the stereoselective synthesis of β-amino acids with a carbene co-catalyst, the synthesis of pyrazolidines, the combination of heterogeneous transition metal catalysis and amine catalysis to deliver cyclopentenes bearing an all-carbon quaternary stereocenter and a new heterogeneous dual catalyst system for the carbocyclization of enals. The reactions presented in this thesis afforded the corresponding products with high levels of chemo-, diastero- and enantioselectivity.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Organic Chemistry, Stockholm University , 2013. , 75 p.
Organocatalysis, Asymmetric Catalysis, Heterogeneous Catalysis, Aziridines, Pyrazolidines, Cyclopentanes
Research subject Organic Chemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-94680ISBN: 978-91-7447-781-8OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-94680DiVA: diva2:659183
2013-12-04, Magnélisalen, Kemiska övningslaboratoriet, Svante Arrhenius väg 16 B, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Malkov, Andrei, Professor
Córdova, Armando, Professor
At the time of the doctoral defense, the following paper was unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 5: Submitted. 2013-11-122013-10-082014-09-24Bibliographically approved
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