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A Longitudinal Study of Memory Advantages in Bilinguals
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2013 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 8, no 9, e73029- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Typically, studies of cognitive advantages in bilinguals have been conducted previously by using executive and inhibitory tasks (e.g. Simon task) and applying cross-sectional designs. This study longitudinally investigated bilingual advantages on episodic memory recall, verbal letter and categorical fluency during the trajectory of life. Monolingual and bilingual participants (n= 178) between 35-70 years at baseline were drawn from the Betula Prospective Cohort Study of aging, memory, and health. Results showed that bilinguals outperformed monolinguals at the first testing session and across time both in episodic memory recall and in letter fluency. No interaction with age was found indicating that the rate of change across ages was similar for bilinguals and monolinguals. As predicted and in line with studies applying cross-sectional designs, no advantages associated with bilingualism were found in the categorical fluency task. The results are discussed in the light of successful aging.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 8, no 9, e73029- p.
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Psychology
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URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-95433DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0073029ISI: 000324515600058OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-95433DiVA: diva2:660832
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, 1988-0082:17Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, J2001-0682Swedish Research Council, 345-2003-3883Swedish Research Council, 315-2004-6977Swedish Research Council, 421-2011-1782
Note

AuthorCount:5;

Available from: 2013-10-31 Created: 2013-10-28 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

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Nilsson, Lars-Göran
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