Molecular Dynamics and NMR Spectroscopy Studies of E. coli Lipopolysaccharide Structure and Dynamics
2013 (English)In: Biophysical Journal, ISSN 0006-3495, E-ISSN 1542-0086, Vol. 105, no 6, 1444-1455 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), a component of Gram-negative bacterial outer membranes, comprises three regions: lipid A, core oligosaccharide, and O-antigen polysaccharide. Using the CHARMM36 lipid and carbohydrate force fields, we have constructed a model of an Escherichia coil R1 (core) 06 (antigen) LPS molecule. Several all-atom bilayers are built and simulated with lipid A only (LIPA) and varying lengths of 0 (LPS0), 5 (LPS5), and 10 (LPS10) O6 antigen repeating units; a single unit of 06 antigen contains five sugar residues. From H-1,H-1-NOESY experiments, cross-relaxation rates are obtained from an O-antigen polysaccharide sample. Although some experimental deviations are due to spin-diffusion, the remaining effective proton-proton distances show generally very good agreement between NMR experiments and molecular dynamics simulations. The simulation results show that increasing the LPS molecular length has an impact on LPS structure and dynamics and also on LPS bilayer properties. Terminal residues in a LPS bilayer are more flexible and extended along the membrane normal. As the core and O-antigen are added, per-lipid area increases and lipid bilayer order decreases. In addition, results from mixed LPS0/5 and LPS0/10 bilayer simulation's show that the LPS O-antigen conformations at a higher concentration of LPS5 and LPS10 are more orthogonal to the membrane and less flexible. The O-antigen concentration of mixed LPS bilayers does not have a significant effect on per-lipid area and hydrophobic thickness. Analysis of ion and water penetration shows that water molecules can penetrate inside the inner core region, and hydration is critical to maintain the integrity of the bilayer structure.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 105, no 6, 1444-1455 p.
Research subject Organic Chemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-95430DOI: 10.1016/j.bpj.2013.08.002ISI: 000324606300020OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-95430DiVA: diva2:660839
FunderSwedish Research CouncilKnut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation