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Retrospective Cohort Study of Bronchial Doses and Radiation-Induced Atelectasis After Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy of Lung Tumors Located Close to the Bronchial Tree
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2013 (English)In: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics, ISSN 0360-3016, Vol. 87, no 3, 590-595 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: To evaluate the dose-response relationship between radiation-induced atelectasis after stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) and bronchial dose. Methods and Materials: Seventy-four patients treated with SBRT for tumors close to main, lobar, or segmental bronchi were selected. The association between incidence of atelectasis and bronchial dose parameters (maximum point-dose and minimum dose to the high-dose bronchial volume [ranging from 0.1 cm(3) up to 2.0 cm(3)]) was statistically evaluated with survival analysis models. Results: Prescribed doses varied between 4 and 20 Gy per fraction in 2-5 fractions. Eighteen patients (24.3%) developed atelectasis considered to be radiation-induced. Statistical analysis showed a significant correlation between the incidence of radiation-induced atelectasis and minimum dose to the high-dose bronchial volumes, of which 0.1 cm(3) (D-0.1cm3) was used for further analysis. The median value of D-0.1cm3 (alpha/beta = 3 Gy) was EQD(2,LQ) = 147 Gy(3) (range, 20-293 Gy(3)). For patients who developed atelectasis the median value was EQD(2,LQ) = 210 Gy(3), and for patients who did not develop atelectasis, EQD(2,LQ) = 105 Gy(3). Median time from treatment to development of atelectasis was 8.0 months (range, 1.1-30.1 months). Conclusion: In this retrospective study a significant dose-response relationship between the incidence of atelectasis and the dose to the high-dose volume of the bronchi is shown.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 87, no 3, 590-595 p.
National Category
Cancer and Oncology Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-95414DOI: 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2013.06.2055ISI: 000325165300033OAI: diva2:660879
Best in Physics Session at the 54th Annual Meeting of the American-Society-for-Radiation-Oncology (ASTRO), OCT 28-31, 2012, Boston, MA


Available from: 2013-10-31 Created: 2013-10-28 Last updated: 2013-10-31Bibliographically approved

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Persson, Jan-Olov
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