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Gender, mobility and livelihoods in an Ethiopian pre-revolutionary town
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm Environment Institute.
2012 (English)In: Locus: revista de história, ISSN 1413-3024, Vol. 35, no 2, 203-214 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper explores the interrelationship between gender, ethnicity, migration/mobility and livelihood opportunities in the urban area of Shashemene in Southern Ethiopia in the period immediately prior to the end of the Ethiopian Empire in 1974. The major finding is that gender is a determining social factor in the mobility and livelihood opportunities of individuals. A striking result from the study is that livelihood alternatives were “urban” to a relatively small extent. Most persons found a living in activities that are to be found in rural as well as in urban areas. For men, ethnicity provides a mediating factor whereas the mobility and livelihood patterns for women are less differentiated by ethnic identity. Individual mobility is characterised both by urban-urban and rural-urban movements. In a study carried out in 1973, women had spent less number of years migrating when they arrived at Shashemene compared to their male counterparts. Similarly, the average number of new places, where they resided for at least one year, was fewer for women than for men. Our results also indicate differences in the migration/mobility rates of women and men across ages. Women’s migration seems to drop abruptly after the age 25. In general, the mobile period of life was shorter for women than for men.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Juiz de fora, 2012. Vol. 35, no 2, 203-214 p.
Keyword [en]
Migration, gender, ethnicity, rural area, urban area, Ethiopia
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociological Demography
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-95807OAI: diva2:661661
Changing Ethiopia: urban livelihood, gender, and ethnicity in Shashemene after 35 years.
Sida - Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency, SWE-2007-399

The volume number and publishing year in the PDF does not correspond to those give on the web page of the Journal. Here I have entered the web information.

Available from: 2013-11-04 Created: 2013-11-04 Last updated: 2014-06-24Bibliographically approved

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ReferencesLink to record
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