Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Pesticide governance in Zanzibar (Tanzania): compromising sustainable agricultural development
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences. (Department of Ecology, Environment and Development)
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
University of Dar es Salaam. (Institute of Marine Sciences, Zanzibar)
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences.
Show others and affiliations
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Social Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-95849OAI: diva2:661895
Available from: 2013-11-05 Created: 2013-11-05 Last updated: 2013-11-05
In thesis
1. Pesticides in coastal Tanzania: Management, policy and concerns for human health and the environment
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Pesticides in coastal Tanzania: Management, policy and concerns for human health and the environment
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis is the first major assessment of pesticide management in Zanzibar, Tanzania. It underlines the risks for human health and the environment that are likely under the current pesticide management regime. The thesis explores different parts of the pesticide management system, including legislation, public institutions, import, distribution and sales. It also examines farmers’ pesticide management and risk-awareness, as well as agricultural extension and the sources of information available to farmers. The methods used include semi-structured and open-ended interviews, review of relevant documents, collection and analysis of import statistics, and participant observations. Interviews were conducted with stakeholders within, or with knowledge of, the pesticide management system, such as managers, distributors, retailers, researchers, extension officers and farmers. The results are presented in five papers. Overall, the pesticide governance in Zanzibar exhibits major weaknesses that expose both retailers and farmers to a variety of toxic pesticides. Both the legislative and institutional setups are inadequate for the safe regulation of pesticides, due to unclear division of responsibilities and insufficient communication between ministries. There is lack of knowledge of pesticides and their side-effects among farmers, retailers and extension officers, but also among some governmental officers and medical personnel. The promotion of pesticides during the current pesticide management regime is problematic, as there is no evaluation of the current pesticide use. Alternative pest management programs show good potential but need to be quantitatively assessed in order to understand how they might contribute to increasing yields. The availability of pesticides in the farming community is in need of further attention as not only pesticide users, but also their family members and neighbors, are exposed to pesticides. Farmer training is the most urgent priority to reduce the hazardous pesticide exposures and potential side-effects seen today.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences, Stockholm University, 2013. 51 p.
sub-Saharan Africa, agrochemicals, legislation, farmer education, hazards, subsidies
National Category
Biological Sciences
Research subject
Marine Ecotoxicology
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-95862 (URN)978-91-7447-794-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2013-12-19, Nordenskiöldsalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Svante Arrhenius väg 12, Stockholm, 13:30 (English)

At the time of doctoral defense, the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Papers 3-5: Manuscripts.

Available from: 2013-11-27 Created: 2013-11-05 Last updated: 2013-11-19Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Stadlinger, NadjaSjögren, AndersWallner, SieglindEnqvist, JohanKumblad, Linda
By organisation
Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant SciencesDepartment of Political ScienceStockholm Resilience Centre
Social Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Total: 80 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link