Hiring Managers’ Prototype Beliefs and Their Use of Employee Selection Practices
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Current approaches in employee selection research suggest that understanding practitioners’ beliefs would help explain their resistance towards standardized employee selection practices. For this purpose we conducted a survey among hiring managers from the Swedish retail industry. Based on their answers we identified prototype beliefs about what it takes to be successful in employee selection and examined the relationships between these beliefs and hiring managers’ use of employee selection practices. The results indicate that the prototypical hiring manager is defined by three primary facets: professional experience, disposition, and importance of individual attributes. We also found that (a) beliefs about the importance of educational experiences are positively related to hiring managers’ use of standardized assessment methods, and (b) that hiring managers’ beliefs about the importance of disposition are positively related to their use of non-standardized assessment methods and negatively related to their use of standardized assessment methods. Moreover, individuals who frequently used standardized tests and structured interviews are significantly less likely to perceive employee selection as an ambiguous process. This study contributes to the theory of employee selection by demonstrating that hiring managers’ prototype beliefs are significantly related to their use of employee selection practices. The results also suggest that using standardized methods of assessment may improve practitioners’ ability to evaluate the effectiveness of their employee selection decisions. A practical contribution of this study is that it informs organizations about the characteristics that hiring managers believe are important for someone in their line of work to possess.
employee selection, assessment methods, prototypes, task quality ambiguity, intuition-based hiring practices
Research subject Psychology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-95918OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-95918DiVA: diva2:662410
ProjectsHandeln som arbetsplats
FunderSwedish Retail and Wholesale Development Council