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Fish Traders as Key Actors in Fisheries: Gender and Adaptive Management
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
2013 (English)In: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, Vol. 42, no 8, 951-962 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper fills an important gap towards adaptive management of small-scale fisheries by analyzing the gender dimension of fish trade in Zanzibar, Tanzania. We hypothesize that gender-based differences are present in the fish value chain and to test the hypothesis interviews were performed to analyze: (i) markets, customers, and mobility, (ii) material and economic resources, (iii) traded fish species, (iv) contacts and organizations, and (v) perceptions and experiences. Additionally, management documents were analyzed to examine the degree to which gender is considered. Results show that women traders had less access to social and economic resources, profitable markets, and high-value fish, which resulted in lower income. These gender inequalities are linked, among others, to women’s reproductive roles such as childcare and household responsibilities. Formal fisheries management was found to be gender insensitive, showing how a crucial feedback element of adaptive management is missing in Zanzibar’s management system, i.e., knowledge about key actors, their needs and challenges.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 42, no 8, 951-962 p.
Keyword [en]
Fish value chain, Fish market, Gender analysis, Middlemen, Small-scale fisheries, Zanzibar
National Category
Natural Sciences
Research subject
Natural Resources Management; Physical Geography
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-96178DOI: 10.1007/s13280-013-0451-1ISI: 000326892600005OAI: diva2:663845
Available from: 2013-11-13 Created: 2013-11-13 Last updated: 2014-02-07Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Women in the Seascape: Gender, Livelihoods and Management of Coastal and Marine Resources in Zanzibar, East Africa
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Women in the Seascape: Gender, Livelihoods and Management of Coastal and Marine Resources in Zanzibar, East Africa
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

All over the world, coastal populations depend on, and influence, the environment in pursue of their livelihoods. Managing the environment, while meeting the growing demand for marine resources, is a challenge. It further requires knowledge about all actors. Women's contribution is often overlooked in research, policy and management of marine and coastal resources. This thesis aims to reduce this gap; a gender analysis is applied to differentiate women and men's access and use of the seascape and to address key gender issues in coastal livelihoods in Zanzibar, Tanzania. Paper I shows that men are typically engaged in fisheries and have access to the whole seascape, whereas women engage in less economically viable activities, such as seaweed farming and invertebrate harvesting, in near-shore areas. A limitation for women to reach the whole seascape is a general lack of boat transport, swimming skills and fishing gear. Paper II analyzes occupational health within seaweed farming and shows that women seaweed farmers suffer from a variety of problems, such as eye infections, musculoskeletal pains, respiratory problems and fatigue, because of poor working conditions. Paper III addresses social and ecological aspects of invertebrate harvesting. This activity lacks proper management and over a five-year period (2005 to 2010), invertebrate abundance and species richness have decreased. It also reveals gender disparities in access to invertebrate collecting grounds and species of higher economic value. Paper IV examines gender within fish trade; women traders have less access to markets, high-value fish, a diverse customer-base, cold-storing facilities and fish trade associations. Income data shows that women's income is always lower. The management system is found to be androcentric and this thesis thus argues for the need to look at the "bigger picture"; the whole seascape, both men and women, and their interests should be considered in coastal and marine management.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences, Stockholm Univeristy, 2014. 69 p.
Gender, fisheries, invertebrate harvesting, seaweed farming, coastal and marine management
National Category
Biological Sciences
Research subject
Marine Ecotoxicology
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-100576 (URN)978-91-7447-829-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2014-03-14, Nordenskiöldsalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Svante Arrhenius väg 12, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)

At the time of the doctoral defense, the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 1: Manuscript. Paper 3: Manuscript.

Available from: 2014-02-20 Created: 2014-02-06 Last updated: 2014-09-12Bibliographically approved

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Fröcklin, Sarade la Torre-Castro, MaricelaLindström, Lars
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Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant SciencesDepartment of Physical Geography and Quaternary GeologyDepartment of Political Science
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