Functional Validation of Virtual Screening for Novel Agents with General Anesthetic Action at Ligand-Gated Ion Channelss
2013 (English)In: Molecular Pharmacology, ISSN 0026-895X, E-ISSN 1521-0111, Vol. 84, no 5, 670-678 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
GABA(A) receptors play a crucial role in the actions of general anesthetics. The recently published crystal structure of the general anesthetic propofol bound to Gloeobacter violaceus ligand-gated ion channel (GLIC), a bacterial homolog of GABA(A) receptors, provided an opportunity to explore structure-based ligand discovery for pentameric ligand-gated ion channels (pLGICs). We used molecular docking of 153,000 commercially available compounds to identify molecules that interact with the propofol binding site in GLIC. In total, 29 compounds were selected for functional testing on recombinant GLIC, and 16 of these compounds modulated GLIC function. Active compounds were also tested on recombinant GABA(A) receptors, and point mutations around the presumed binding pocket were introduced into GLIC and GABA(A) receptors to test for binding specificity. The potency of active compounds was only weakly correlated with properties such as lipophilicity or molecular weight. One compound was found to mimic the actions of propofol on GLIC and GABA(A), and to be sensitive to mutations that reduce the action of propofol in both receptors. Mutant receptors also provided insight about the position of the binding sites and the relevance of the receptor's conformation for anesthetic actions. Overall, the findings support the feasibility of the use of virtual screening to discover allosteric modulators of pLGICs, and suggest that GLIC is a valid model system to identify novel GABA(A) receptor ligands.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 84, no 5, 670-678 p.
Pharmacology and Toxicology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-96087DOI: 10.1124/mol.113.087692ISI: 000325534800002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-96087DiVA: diva2:664248
National Institutes of Health National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism AA06399, AA19875; Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences; Swiss Federal Institute of Technology; Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research; Swedish e-Science Research Center; Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation. 2013-11-142013-11-112014-01-13Bibliographically approved