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The concentration and centralisation of late prehistoric settlement in central Italy: the evidence from the Nepi Survey
University of Cambridge, UK.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3500-0417
2013 (English)In: Papers of The British School at Rome, ISSN 0068-2462, E-ISSN 2045-239X, Vol. 81, 1-38 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article discusses the evidence for the concentration and centralization of late prehistoric settlement in central Italy, using the territory of Nepi as an example of settlement aggregation in southern Etruria. This example helps to explain the regional developments leading to urbanization and state formation in Etruria from the Bronze Age to the Iron Age. The article also publishes new sites with late prehistoric ceramic material from the Neolithic or Epineolithic to the Iron Age in the territory of Nepi found during the Nepi Survey Project. This new evidence is discussed together with previously published material, and presented as further evidence that the developments leading to the occupation of naturally defended sites in the Final Bronze Age had their origins in the Middle Bronze Age. Similarly, the analysis, aided by agricultural and GIS modelling, suggests that the hiatus in the settlement and its dislocation after an apparent break between the Final Bronze Age and the Early Iron Age may have been caused by population pressure. After the settlement aggregated in one centre at Nepi, there are signs of further expansion in the Iron Age.

This article discusses the evidence for the concentration and centralization of late prehistoric settlement in central Italy, using the territory of Nepi as an example of settlement aggregation in southern Etruria. This example helps to explain the regional developments leading to urbanization and state formation in Etruria from the Bronze Age to the Iron Age. The article also publishes new sites with late prehistoric ceramic material from the Neolithic or Epineolithic to the Iron Age in the territory of Nepi found during the Nepi Survey Project. This new evidence is discussed together with previously published material, and presented as further evidence that the developments leading to the occupation of naturally defended sites in the Final Bronze Age had their origins in the Middle Bronze Age. Similarly, the analysis, aided by agricultural and GIS modelling, suggests that the hiatus in the settlement and its dislocation after an apparent break between the Final Bronze Age and the Early Iron Age may have been caused by population pressure. After the settlement aggregated in one centre at Nepi, there are signs of further expansion in the Iron Age.

Abstract [it]

In questo articolo vengono discusse le evidenze della concentrazione e centralizzazione degli insediamenti tardo-preistorici dell Italia centrale, a partire dal territorio di Nepi come esempio di centralizzazione dell ’insediamento in Etruria meridionale. L’esempio aiuta a spiegare gli sviluppi regionali che condussero all ’urbanizzazione e alle formazioni statali in Etruria dall’età del bronzo all’età del ferro. Vengono pubblicati anche nuovi siti nel territorio di Nepi che hanno restituito ceramica tardo-preistorica, la cui cronologia va dal Neolitico o Epineolitico all’età del ferro, rinvenuta durante il Nepi Survey Project. Questa nuova evidenza, discussa insieme con materiali precedentemente pubblicati, viene presentata come ulteriore prova per sostenere che lo sviluppo che ha condotto all’occupazione nel Bronzo Finale di siti con difese naturali ebbe origine nella media età del bronzo. Analogamente l’analisi aiutata da ricostruzioni dell’agricoltura e da modelli GIS suggerisce che lo iato nell’insediamento e la sua dislocazione dopo un apparentebreaktra il Bronzo Finale e il Ferro Iniziale può essere stato causato da pressioni della popolazione. Dopo che l’insediamento si è aggregato in un unico centro a Nepi, abbiamo segni di ulteriore espansione nell´età del ferro.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 81, 1-38 p.
Keyword [en]
Prehistoric settlement, central Italy, Nepi
National Category
Classical Archaeology and Ancient History
Research subject
Classical Archaeology and Ancient History
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-96495DOI: 10.1017/S0068246213000032OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-96495DiVA: diva2:666099
Available from: 2013-11-21 Created: 2013-11-21 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

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Rajala, Ulla
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