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Gender, Gender Ideology and Couples’ Migration Decisions
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
(English)In: Journal of family issues, ISSN 0192-513X, E-ISSN 1552-5481Article in journal (Refereed) Accepted
Abstract [en]

Couples generally move to accommodate men’s, rather than women’s, career opportunities.  Using Swedish panel data including 1039 married or cohabiting individuals, this study examines the importance of traditional gender ideology and behavior in explaining this pattern. Two dimensions of gender and migration are examined: (1) the willingness to move for a partner’s career, and (2) the likelihood of couple migration for one’s own work or educational opportunities. Findings show that women are more willing to move for their partner’s career. Childless women are more likely to move with their partners to pursue their own work or education than childless men, whereas mothers are less likely to report this than fathers. Gender ideology and division of household responsibilities do not explain the gender differences in migration behavior. They are more important for individuals’ willingness to move for their partners, with particularly pronounced gender differences among non-egalitarian respondents.

Keyword [en]
family migration, gender, gender roles, tied moving, regional mobility
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociological Demography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-96962OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-96962DiVA: diva2:668308
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 839-2008-7495Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2008- 0489
Available from: 2013-11-29 Created: 2013-11-29 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Gendered Migration Patterns within a Sex Segregated Labor Market
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gendered Migration Patterns within a Sex Segregated Labor Market
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

When a couple moves, the woman is often placed at a disadvantage. Moves are more often motivated by men’s career advancement opportunities, and men tend to gain more economically from moving. In this thesis, these patterns are examined with an eye on the role of sex segregation on the labor market. Results from the four studies indicate that there exist gender differences in couples’ migration patterns in Sweden. These differences cannot be completely explained by occupational sex segregation or by traditional gender ideologies.

I. Compared to men, women are more willing to move for the sake of their partner’s employment opportunities. Further, fathers move for the sake of their own career more often than mothers. Gender differences in these patterns are greater among individuals with gender traditional attitudes, but also exist in more egalitarian relationships.

II. In a couple, the man’s educational attainment affects couples’ mobility more than the woman’s. This is because highly educated men’s occupations have more career advancement opportunities and larger differences in wages between regions, whereas women’s occupations have higher geographic ubiquity. Both partners’ occupational characteristics have an equal impact on the couple’s mobility.

III. When a couple moves, the man benefits more financially than the woman. This differential cannot be wholly explained by occupational differences. Some of the lag in women’s earnings development can be accounted for by childbearing following a move. Occupations’ with greater geographic ubiquity correlate with more positive financial outcomes for both men and women following a move.

IV. At the start of co-residence, it is more common that the woman moves to the man than vice versa, and women generally move longer distances than men. Age differentails between partners explain part of these migration differences. Furthermore, men’s migration propensities and distance moved are more affected by labor market ties than women’s.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Acta Universitatis Stockholmiensis, 2013. 39 p.
Series
Dissertation series / Stockholm University Demography Unit, ISSN 1404-2304 ; 10
Keyword
family migration, gender, tied moving, regional mobility, earnings, occupation, sex segregation, co-residence, migration distance, education
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociological Demography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-97099 (URN)978-91-87235-60-3 (ISBN)978-91-87235-59-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2014-01-17, Nordenskiöldsalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Svante Arrhenius väg 12, Stockholm, 10:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 839-2008-7495Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2008- 0489
Note

At the time of the doctoral defense, the following paper was unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 1: Accepted.

Available from: 2013-12-19 Created: 2013-12-03 Last updated: 2016-05-27Bibliographically approved

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