Particle Emissions From Rail Traffic: A Literature Review
2013 (English)In: Critical reviews in environmental science and technology, ISSN 1064-3389, E-ISSN 1547-6537, Vol. 43, no 23, 2511-2544 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Particle emissions are a drawback of rail transport. This work is a comprehensive presentation of recent research into particle emissions from rail vehicles. Both exhaust and nonexhaust particle emissions are considered when examining particle characteristics such as PM10, and PM2.5 concentration levels, size, morphology, composition, and adverse health effects, current legislation, and available and proposed solutions for reducing such emissions. High concentration levels in enclosed rail traffic environments are reported and some toxic effects of the particles. The authors find that only a few limited studies have examined the adverse health effects of nonexhaust particle emissions and that no relevant legislation exists. Thus further research in this area is warranted.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 43, no 23, 2511-2544 p.
airbone particles, brake dust, exhaust, non-exhaust, railways, subway, wear
Environmental Sciences Ecology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-97047DOI: 10.1080/10643389.2012.685348ISI: 000326353100001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-97047DiVA: diva2:668944