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Who Moves to Whom?: Gender Differences in the Distance  Moved to a Shared Residence
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography. Uppsala universitet, Kulturgeografiska institutionen / Uppsala University, Department of Human Geography.
2013 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Although family migration is a well examined topic, the migration that takes place at the start of co-residence of couples is so far hardly studied. This study examines gender differences in who moves to whom and who moves the longer distance when couples start a co-residential union. Analyses are performed based on Swedish register data, 1991-2008, including detailed longitudinal information on the residence of all couples in Sweden who married or had a child as cohabitants in 2008. The study reveals that even after adjusting for gender differences in age, local-, family-, and labor market ties, education, occupation, and economic bargaining power, it is more common for the woman to move to the man than vice versa, and the woman is on average moving longer distances than the man. Gender differences are especially pronounced when partners live far apart prior to union formation. Among these couples the woman on average moves 40 kilometers longer than the man. The proposed intervening factors explain half of this excess distance. Men’s likelihood to move and their distance moved is more affected by labor market ties than women’s, indicating that traditional gender ideologies matter for understanding migration patterns at the start of co-residence.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 44 p.
Stockholm Research Reports in Demography, ISSN 0281-8728 ; 19
Keyword [en]
union formation, migration, migration distance, co-residence, gender
National Category
Sociology Human Geography
Research subject
Sociological Demography; Human Geography
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-97096OAI: diva2:669207
Swedish Research Council, 839-2008-7495
Available from: 2013-12-03 Created: 2013-12-03 Last updated: 2014-01-15Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Gendered Migration Patterns within a Sex Segregated Labor Market
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gendered Migration Patterns within a Sex Segregated Labor Market
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

When a couple moves, the woman is often placed at a disadvantage. Moves are more often motivated by men’s career advancement opportunities, and men tend to gain more economically from moving. In this thesis, these patterns are examined with an eye on the role of sex segregation on the labor market. Results from the four studies indicate that there exist gender differences in couples’ migration patterns in Sweden. These differences cannot be completely explained by occupational sex segregation or by traditional gender ideologies.

I. Compared to men, women are more willing to move for the sake of their partner’s employment opportunities. Further, fathers move for the sake of their own career more often than mothers. Gender differences in these patterns are greater among individuals with gender traditional attitudes, but also exist in more egalitarian relationships.

II. In a couple, the man’s educational attainment affects couples’ mobility more than the woman’s. This is because highly educated men’s occupations have more career advancement opportunities and larger differences in wages between regions, whereas women’s occupations have higher geographic ubiquity. Both partners’ occupational characteristics have an equal impact on the couple’s mobility.

III. When a couple moves, the man benefits more financially than the woman. This differential cannot be wholly explained by occupational differences. Some of the lag in women’s earnings development can be accounted for by childbearing following a move. Occupations’ with greater geographic ubiquity correlate with more positive financial outcomes for both men and women following a move.

IV. At the start of co-residence, it is more common that the woman moves to the man than vice versa, and women generally move longer distances than men. Age differentails between partners explain part of these migration differences. Furthermore, men’s migration propensities and distance moved are more affected by labor market ties than women’s.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Acta Universitatis Stockholmiensis, 2013. 39 p.
Dissertation series / Stockholm University Demography Unit, ISSN 1404-2304 ; 10
family migration, gender, tied moving, regional mobility, earnings, occupation, sex segregation, co-residence, migration distance, education
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociological Demography
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-97099 (URN)978-91-87235-60-3 (ISBN)978-91-87235-59-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2014-01-17, Nordenskiöldsalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Svante Arrhenius väg 12, Stockholm, 10:00
Swedish Research Council, 839-2008-7495Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2008- 0489

At the time of the doctoral defense, the following paper was unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 1: Accepted.

Available from: 2013-12-19 Created: 2013-12-03 Last updated: 2016-05-27Bibliographically approved

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