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miR-128 regulates non-myocyte hyperplasia, deposition of extracellular matrix and Islet1 expression during newt cardiac regeneration
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Molecular Biosciences, The Wenner-Gren Institute.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Molecular Biosciences, The Wenner-Gren Institute.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Molecular Biosciences, The Wenner-Gren Institute.
Karolinska Inst, Karolinska Univ Hosp, Dept Oncol Pathol, Stockholm, Sweden.
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2013 (English)In: Developmental Biology, ISSN 0012-1606, E-ISSN 1095-564X, Vol. 383, no 2, 253-263 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Cardiovascular disease is a global scourge to society, with novel therapeutic approaches required in order to alleviate the suffering caused by sustained cardiac damage. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are being touted as one such approach in the fight against heart disease, acting as possible post-transcriptional molecular triggers responsible for invoking cardiac regeneration. To further ones understanding of miRNAs and cardiac regeneration, it is prudent to learn from organisms that can intrinsically regenerate their hearts following injury. Using the red-spotted newt, an adult chordate capable of cardiac regeneration, we decided to delve deeper into the role miRNAs play during this process. RNA isolated from regenerating newt heart samples, was used in a microarray screen, to identify significantly expressed candidate miRNAs during newt cardiac regeneration. We performed quantitative qPCR analysis on several conserved miRNAs and found one in particular, miR-128, to be significantly elevated when cardiac hyperplasia is at its peak following injury. In-situ hybridisation techniques revealed a localised expression pattern for miR-128 in the cardiomyocytes and non-cardiomyocytes in close proximity to the regeneration zone and in vivo knockdown studies revealed a regulatory role for miR-128 in proliferating non-cardiomyocyte populations and extracellular matrix deposition. Finally, 3'UTR reporter assays revealed Islet1 as a biological target for miR-128, which was confirmed further through in vivo Islet1 transcriptional and translational expression analysis in regenerating newt hearts. From these studies we conclude that miR-128 regulates both cardiac hyperplasia and Islet1 expression during newt heart regeneration and that this information could be translated into future mammalian cardiac studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2013. Vol. 383, no 2, 253-263 p.
Keyword [en]
Heart, Hyperplasia, Islet1, miR-128, Newt, Regeneration
National Category
Evolutionary Biology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-97025DOI: 10.1016/j.ydbio.2013.09.011ISI: 000326206500007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-97025DiVA: diva2:675448
Note

AuthorCount:5;

Funding agencies:

Carl Tryggers Stiftelse; Åke Wiberg Stiftelse and Magn Bergvall Stiftelse 

Available from: 2013-12-03 Created: 2013-12-02 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

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