Subsurface release and transport of dissolved carbon in a discontinuous permafrost region
2013 (English)In: Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, ISSN 1027-5606, E-ISSN 1607-7938, Vol. 17, no 10, 3827-3839 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Subsurface hydrological flow pathways and advection rates through the landscape affect the quantity and timing of hydrological transport of dissolved carbon. This study investigates hydrological carbon transport through the subsurface to streams and how it is affected by the distribution of subsurface hydrological pathways and travel times through the landscape. We develop a consistent mechanistic, pathway- and travel time-based modeling approach for release and transport of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC). The model implications are tested against observations in the subarctic Abiskojokken catchment in northernmost Sweden (68 degrees 21'N, 18 degrees 49'E) as a field case example of a discontinuous permafrost region. The results show: (a) For DOC, both concentration and load are essentially flow-independent because their dynamics are instead dominated by the annual renewal and depletion. Specifically, the flow independence is the result of the small characteristic DOC respiration-dissolution time scale, in the range of 1 yr, relative to the average travel time of water through the subsurface to the stream. (b) For DIC, the load is highly flow-dependent due to the large characteristic weathering-dissolution time, much larger than 1 yr, relative to the average subsurface water travel time to the stream. This rate relation keeps the DIC concentration essentially flow-independent, and thereby less fluctuating in time than the DIC load.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 17, no 10, 3827-3839 p.
Oceanography, Hydrology, Water Resources
Research subject Physical Geography
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-97404DOI: 10.5194/hess-17-3827-2013ISI: 000326603200010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-97404DiVA: diva2:678023
FunderSwedish Research Council, 2007-8393