Framework Isomerism in Vanadium Metal-Organic Frameworks: MIL-88B(V) and MIL-101(V)
2013 (English)In: Crystal Growth & Design, ISSN 1528-7483, E-ISSN 1528-7505, Vol. 13, no 11, 5036-5044 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Two families of metal organic frameworks (MOFs), MIL-88 and MIL-101 built by trinuclear transition metal (TM) clusters (TM = Cr, Fe, or Sc), have been known for several years, but their syntheses are often reported separately. In fact, these MOFs are polymorphs, or framework isomers: they are assembled from the same metal secondary building units and organic linkers, but the connectivity of these components differs. Here we report for the first time the synthesis of the vanadium MOF MIL-88B(V) and compare its synthesis parameters to those of MIL-47(V) and the recently reported MIL-101(V). The properties of MIL-88B(V) and MIL-101(V) are remarkably different. MIL-88B(V) can breathe and is responsive to different solvents, while MIL-101(V) is rigid and contains mesoporous cages. MIL-101(V) exhibits the highest specific surface area among vanadium MOFs discovered so far. In addition, both MIL-88B(V) and MIL-101(V) transform to MIL-47 at higher temperatures. We have also identified the key synthesis parameters that control the formation of MIL-88B(V), MIL-101(V), and MIL-47: temperature, time, and pH. This relates to the rate of reaction between the metal and linkers, which has been monitored by ex situ X-ray powder diffraction and V K-edge X-ray absorption spectroscopy during MOF synthesis. It is therefore important to fully study the synthesis conditions to improve our understanding of framework isomerism in MOFs.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 13, no 11, 5036-5044 p.
Research subject Inorganic Chemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-97390DOI: 10.1021/cg4012058ISI: 000326775000050OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-97390DiVA: diva2:678085
FunderSwedish Research CouncilVINNOVAKnut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation