Does Social Isolation and Low Societal Participation Predict Disability Pension?: A Population Based Study
2013 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 8, no 11, e80655- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Purpose: The aim was to examine the potential influence of social isolation and low societal participation on the future risk of receiving disability pension among individuals in Sweden. A specific aim was to describe differences depending on disability pension diagnoses, and how the results were modified by sex and age. Method: The study comprised representative samples of Swedish women and men, who had been interviewed in any of the annual Swedish Surveys of Living Conditions between 1990 and 2007. Information on disability pension and diagnoses was added from the Swedish Social Insurance Agency's database (1991-2011). The mean number of years of follow-up for the 53920 women and men was twelve years (SD 5.5), and the study base was restricted to the ages 20 to 64 years of age. The predictors were related to disability pension by Cox's proportional hazards regression. Results: Social isolation and low societal participation were associated with future disability pension also after control for age, year of interview, socio demographic conditions and self reported longstanding illness. Lone individuals were at increased risk of disability pension, and the effect of living without children was modified by sex and age. An increase in risk was particularly noticeable among younger women who reported that they had sparse contacts with others, and no close friend. Both women and men who reported that they did not participate in political discussions and who could not appeal on a decision by a public authority were also at increased risk. The effects of social isolation were mainly attributed to disability pension with mental diagnoses, and to younger individuals. Conclusions: The study suggests that social isolation and low societal participation are predictors of future disability pension. Social isolation and low societal participation increased particularly the risk of future disability pension in mental diagnoses among younger individuals.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 8, no 11, e80655- p.
Psychology Natural Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-97384DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0080655ISI: 000326656200122OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-97384DiVA: diva2:678184
FunderForte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2012-0664