Women and Representation in Japan: Causes of Political Inequality
2010 (English)In: International feminist journal of politics, ISSN 1461-6742, E-ISSN 1468-4470, Vol. 12, no 2, 177-201 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Japan's high level of socio-economic advancement notwithstanding, the level of women's representation in Japan lags behind that in not only other advanced countries but also many developing countries. This article aims to elucidate the causes of the under-representation of women in Japan. Preceding studies suggest that multiple, intertwining factors have had a collective influence on the number of women representatives. Based on these studies, I highlight four factors which affect women's representation: the electoral system; socio-political culture; electoral quotas; and the activities and attitudes of women concerning their own representation. I discuss how these factors have influenced the under-representation of Japanese women, in effect demonstrating that all the above factors have had negative impacts. Among these, the most serious obstacle is women's lack of enthusiasm for a larger political presence, which is sustained by Japanese political culture and social customs. I argue that strong women's voices calling for more women representatives are the necessary basis for measures to improve the under-representation of women.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 12, no 2, 177-201 p.
electoral system; gender quotas; Japanese women; socio-political culture; under- representation
Research subject Political Science
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-97525DOI: 10.1080/14616741003665227ISI: :000277569000003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-97525DiVA: diva2:678724