Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
The development of written language as an L2 in deaf bimodal-bilingual children
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Swedish as a Second Language for the Deaf.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8579-0771
2013 (English)Conference paper, Abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In contrast to, for instance, studies of reading, there are very few studies that have investigated the written production of bimodal-bilingual deaf children. However, we need more empirical studies in how these children learn and develop different written languages, e.g. in order to provide a basis for sign bilingual education of the deaf.


My study concerning bilingual deaf children’s development in a written language – Swedish – will be presented. In the study, the written production of Swedish in deaf children was carried out, using a general L2 theory – Processability Theory (PT) (Pienemann, 1998). PT is an L2 grammatical developmental theory predicting an L2 learner’s grammar development. PT has been cross-linguistically confirmed for a number of languages including English as L2 and Swedish as L2. PT has, however, previously never been applied to deaf L2 learners of any written language. It gives an opportunity to use a theoretical framework that is cross-linguistically and empirically proven.


Data from 38 bilingual deaf children were analyzed according to PT. Data consisted of elicited written production collected from a sign bilingual school for the deaf. The deaf learners’ interlanguage outcomes were analyzed on morphological and syntactical level, including use of inflections, word order etc. The individual results were summarized in stages following PT’s five developmental stages.


The results suggest that the children follow a development routine similar to hearing L2 learners of Swedish. The PT stages, in which certain grammar structures are defined for every stage, were acquired in a matter similar to hearing L2 learners of Swedish. I will present the results and explain the findings. By the end, I will discuss how the method and results provide cross-linguistic comparisons and discuss the implications from this study for e.g. sign bilingual education of the deaf. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Keyword [en]
Bimodal-bilingualism, written language, deaf, sign language, Processability Theory
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject
Swedish as a Second Language for the Deaf
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-97628OAI: diva2:679675
International Symposium on Bilingualism 9, Singapore, 10-13 juni 2013
Available from: 2013-12-16 Created: 2013-12-16 Last updated: 2014-05-28

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Schönström, Krister
By organisation
Swedish as a Second Language for the Deaf
General Language Studies and Linguistics

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Total: 68 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link